Radical Behaviorism

Radical Behaviorism is the philosophy behind the science of behavior.  Radical behaviorism argues that behavior, rather than mental states, should be the focus of study in psychology. 

B.F. Skinner’s science of behavior emphasizes the importance of reinforcement and the relationships between observable stimuli and behavior. Behaviors are not dependent upon thoughts, feelings, or other internal processes.  Thoughts and feelings are natural events that occur as a result of stimulation provided by the environment.  Changes resulting from the behavior either increase or decrease the probability of that behavior occurring in the future. For example, if Timmy scratches his arm, he does so not as a conscious or unconscious decision to relieve an itch but because the behavior is rewarding in some way.