Human Subjects in Research

DNAIRB Regulation Adjustments as a Result of COVID-19

Due to the evolving situation with COVID-19 infections, the recent national restrictions placed on face-to-face meetings, and the Institutional Review Boards' role in human subject protection, NMU’s IRB is temporarily banning all human-to-human data collection methods in previously approved protocols until all federal COVID-19 interaction restrictions have been lifted. This includes, but is not limited to, in-person surveys, interviews, and group discussions. If you are assisting a student with their research project or are reviewing students' pending research projects, please keep these new restrictions in mind and guide them appropriately.

 

No new projects listing face-to-face interactions submitted to the IRB will be approved until the CDC lifts national interaction restrictions; projects must utilize alternative methods for data collection via distance technologies (phone, video, internet-based surveys, etc.)

PIs currently engaged in human-to-human research with previous IRB approval must make modifications to replace human-to-human data collection with distance technologies. Depending on the specific requirements of the project, the NMU IRB can approve administratively, via expedited review, or a convened meeting will be held via Zoom. To expedite requests, faculty PIs should review student protocols and determine the modifications necessary for those students who need them. Faculty must then consult with Dr. Derek Anderson, IRB Chair, (DEREANDE@nmu.edu) to confirm the level of review any such modifications may require.

You can visit the Office for Human Research Protections page to review the current federal guidance. 


 

While private and federal funding sources for research have produced an increase of beneficial knowledge through research, they have also impacted guidelines for human subjects in research. Although most researchers seek to observe ethical research practices, history is replete with examples of researchers mistreating and abusing human subjects. Populations subject to misconduct have included, but are not limited to students, prisoners, disenfranchised and disadvantaged members of society, institutionalized patient populations, laboratory assistants and others. Ethical violations in research have led to national and international efforts to develop ethical principles and codes to protect the welfare and rights of human research subjects.

The links are provided to ensure that all NMU faculty, staff and students involved in using human subjects in their research do so in a way that meets the university’s high academic and ethical standards.

Institutional Review Board (IRB)

 

Guidelines and Policy


Does your research require IRB review? 


According to the Department of Health and Human Services Code of Federal Regulations, to require IRB review, projects must fall under the definition of research, and involve human subjects.

Research means a systematic investigation, including research development, testing, and evaluation, designed to develop or contribute to generalizable knowledge [45 CFR 46.102(l)]. 

Human subject means a living individual about whom an investigator (whether professional or student) conducts research and (i) Obtains information or biospecimens through intervention or interaction with the individual, and uses, studies, or analyzes the information or biospecimens; or (ii) Obtains, uses, studies, analyzes, or generates identifiable private information or identifiable biospecimens. [45 CFR 46.102(e)(1)].

If you are unsure whether your work requires review, email IRB Chair, Derek Anderson at dereande@nmu.edu with a short summary of your project. 


      Application and Forms

      Consent Form Templates and Examples

      Training 

      *NOTE: CITI Human Subjects modules expire after four years. 

      Qualtrics

       

      Research Compliance & Ethics Updates and Trainings

       

      NIH has recently opened additional FREE training options for clinical researchers. This is not a replacement for CITI training, but an in depth class in clinical research. Check it out! 

       

      The Graduate Education and Research Office and Grants and Contracts Office presents Workshops for Students, a series of workshops to help you achieve success in your research.
       Below are links to the latest workshop recording and slides.
       
      Video presentation:
      https://wildcast.nmu.edu/episode.php?id=8A305D3E-0926-B0FC-A06A-B3AE48D79E75
       
      PowerPoint Slides

       
      You can find out about future workshops at http://www.nmu.edu/graduatestudies/workshops. For further information contact the Graduate Education and Research Office at graduate@nmu.edu.

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