Quoting, Paraphrasing and Summarizing

This worksheet is designed to aid you in quoting, paraphrasing and summarizing in order to help you avoid plagiarism. These three writing techniques are often used to provide support to your writing in ways that support an argument or call attention to something. 

What are the differences between the three?

Quoting, paraphrasing and summarizing are similar in that they allow a writer to incorporate another writer's work into his or her own work. However, they are different in the methods of application.

Quotations are identical in every way from the original. You use a section from the original source document and follow it word for word in quotation marks (" "). After the quote, there will always be an in-text citation attributing it to the original source.

Paraphrasing is when you put a passage from the original source material into your own words. As with a quotation, you must do an in-text citation attributing the information back to the original source at the end of the paraphrased section. Paraphrasing usually means the section is shorter than the original passage because it is condensed.

Summarizing is when the main ideas are put into your own words. This means that the main points of the information you are using are reworked into your own words, but the rest of it is left out. As the other two, this information also needs to be cited at the end.

How do I use these things?

To use paraphrasing, quoting and summaries, make sure that you always cite the information in-text. You can find information on this in MLA, APA, or Chicago Style pages depending on the citation style you're using. If you're using a quotation, keep it short and sweet, and always explain why you used it afterwards. Quoting should only be done sparingly in order to show your professor and audience that you have your own ideas.


"Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing." The Purdue OWL. Purdue U Writing Lab, 2010. Web. 17 June 2011.