Types of Sentences
There are four types of sentences in the English language: simple sentences, compound sentences, complex sentences, and compound-complex sentences.
Below are the definitions of the different types of sentences and an example of each:
Simple- A simple sentence is made up of a subject and a verb, and it expresses a complete thought
Ex: I ran into the house.
Compound- A compound sentence is composed of two independent clauses (simple sentences) put together in one of three possible ways.
Comma and a Conjunction
Ex: I ran into the house, and I saw my mother.
Ex: I ran into the burning house; I had to save my cat.
Semicolon, conjunctive adverb, and a comma
Ex: I like cats; however, I don’t like to own them.
Complex- A compound sentence is composed of an independent clause and one or more dependent clauses. A dependent clause is a sentence that has a subject and a verb, but it begins with a subordinating conjunction (even though, because, when, as, once, while, since, etc.) so it cannot stand by itself.
Ex: Even though the house was on fire, my cat ran into the house to save me.
Compound-Complex- As the name implies, a compound-complex sentence is composed of parts of a compound sentence and parts of a complex sentence. It has a dependent clause followed by a compound sentence.
Ex: Even though the house was on fire, my cat ran into the house to save me, and she saved my life.