Glossary of Academic Terminology

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Health Promotion Requirement: A graduation requirement that all baccalaureate students must complete. The university believes that an important part of a liberal education is to provide students with knowledge about their health and well being and the opportunities to acquire leisure time skills which will enrich their quality of life. The health promotion requirement at the baccalaureate level is a two-course sequence. The first course is devoted to the theories and proofs associated with maintaining physical wellness. The second course is a physical activity course.Refer to the Liberal Studies Program and Graduation Requirements section of the NMU Undergraduate Bulletin for additional information.

Holds:Northern Michigan University places a registration hold on a student’s registration for classes when a student has not met conditions or obligations due the university.To have the registration hold removed, contact the office that placed the registration hold. The office that has placed the registration hold is the only office that can lift the hold.

Honors: Designation indicated on the university degree and transcript to reflect outstanding scholarship. For GPA qualifications, see Honors, Graduation.

Honors Breakfast: The Honors Breakfast celebrates the outstanding achievements of graduating students and faculty members. The breakfast takes place prior to commencement on Saturday morning at 8:15 a.m. in the Great Lakes Rooms of the University Center. All family and friends of the honors graduates are invited to attend. The graduate and two guests can attend for no charge–compliments of the Academic Affairs Office. Each additional guest will be charged $6 for the honors breakfast and the cost must be paid prior to the breakfast. All honors graduates will receive a letter to their local address on file concerning the honors breakfast.

Honor Cords: Students receiving scholastic recognition at the commencement ceremony wear special honor cords. Candidates who are graduating with honors will be notified by the Degree Audits Office prior to graduation. Honor cords are available at the NMU Bookstore.

Honors Courses: Special courses offered with the prefix “HON” for students enrolled in the Honors Program designed to offer intellectual challenge and personal attention to gifted students.

Honors, Graduation: Scholastic recognition at the commencement ceremony is based upon a student's cumulative (transfer) GPA and NMU GPA through the semester prior to graduation, provided the student will have complied with the minimum NMU credit hour requirement at the completion of the degree program. Candidates who are graduating with honors will be notified by the Registrar's Office prior to graduation. Those students receiving honors will wear special honor cords that will be available at the NMU Bookstore.

Associate Degree Baccalaureate Degree
GPA Required Scholastic Recognition
3.50-3.79 Honor
3.80-4.00 High Honor
GPA Required Scholastic Recognition
3.30-3.59 Cum Laude
3.60-3.79 Magna Cum Laude
3.80-4.00 Summa Cum Laude

Honor Points:Used in calculating the GPA. Honor point are given for NMU courses that are graded A-F. Honor points are used in calculating a student’s scholastic average by dividing total honor points (QPTS=honor points) by total credit hours (QHRS=credit hours) attempted.

Honor Point Values

A 4.0 B- 2.7 D+ 1.3
A- 3.7 C+ 2.3 D 1.0
B+ 3.3 C 2.0 D- 0.7
B 3.0 C- 1.7 F 0.0

Honors Medallion: Students who are graduating with Summa Cum Laude (3.80-4.00 GPA) honors are presented with a gold medallion from the President of the Academic Senate as they cross the stage at the commencement ceremony. Scholastic recognition at the commencement ceremony is based upon a student's cumulative (transfer) GPA and NMU GPA through the semester prior to graduation.  Candidates who are graduating with honors will be notified by the Degree Audits Office prior to graduation. Those students receiving honors will also wear special honor cords that will be available at the NMU Bookstore.

Honors Program: The Honors Program provides academically-talented students with the opportunity to work toward their undergraduate degrees by taking specially-designed courses that are both rigorous and open only to students in the Honors Program. These course are taught by highly skilled faculty who are eager to work with talented students. In addition to taking Honors courses, students will complete university graduation requirements, including their selected majors, and finish as Honors Seniors by completing the Senior Capstone Experience.

Humanities, Foundations of: One of five baccalaureate graduation requirements that baccalaureate students must complete. Students select two humanities courses for a minimum of six credits. Humanities courses will help students to broaden their understanding for the human experience. Students will study the individual human condition-needs, values, potentials, achievements within the multiplicity of cultural values that shape it. They will examine, using critical thinking strategies, how peoples in different cultures, times, and places deal with common human needs and concerns. They will review and evaluate, using critical thinking techniques, the intellectual, spiritual and ethical concerns of the human experience as recorded in literature, philosophy, religion, history, or other similar areas. Refer to the Liberal Studies Program and Graduation Requirements section of the NMU Undergraduate Bulletin for additional information.

IB Credit: (Advanced placement via International Baccalaureate) Northern Michigan University recognizes the academic rigor of students participating in the International Baccalaureate (IB) curriculum at their high school. At NMU, credit is available in biology, history and psychology for students who score at least a "5" on the Higher Level Examinations in these areas. Other subject areas are currently under review by the appropriate academic departments. Students are encouraged to submit their official IB results to NMU as soon as they are available. Students who have participated in an IB curriculum

ID Card Number, Wildcat: (Wildcat Express Card) A Wildcat ID card number exists only for the life of the device or media in/on which it is stored. Typically it could be stored in the magnetic stripe or barcode of a plastic ID badge, but may exist in other devices or media, as well. If lost, expired, or disposed of, it can be inactivated.

ID, User: (NMU e-mail User ID) An alphanumeric ID which is more personalized and is typically used for mobile device access or login purposes. This identifier can be up to eight characters in length. (Example: jfrost@nmu.edu)  It provides a one-to-one unique link to other attributes of ones relationship with the university. The NMU User ID is maintained in the university's directory services and may be stored in other authentication systems. The NMU User ID can be changed to reflect name changes by contacting the NMU Help Desk at 906-227-2468. Go to http://myuser.nmu.edu if you do not know your NMU User ID.

IN, NMU: A numeric identification number which is computer generated and unrelated to any social security number, and therefore anonymous to an observer. It provides a one-to-one link to other attributes of one's relationship with the university. The NMU IN is now this new eight-digit identifying number. Traditionally, the SSN was often used for this identification purpose, but that use is now discontinued. To find  your NMU IN, check the Welcome to MyUser Web page.

Incomplete Grade:A grade of “I” (Incomplete) applies to work of acceptable quality when the full amount is not completed because of reasons acceptable to the instructor, such as illness. It is never applied to poor work. The grade “I” is sometimes granted when a student is temporarily unable to complete course requirements because of unusual circumstances.  At the time an “I” grade is granted, the instructor will complete the appropriate form stating (1) the reason for granting the incomplete, (2) what work has to be performed by the student to complete the course, (3) the deadline for completing the work, and (4) the alternate grade to be granted in the event the deadline is not met.

Individually Created Program: Program developed by a student and a faculty member to meet an individual need or interest not offered in a formalized program.

Information Release Restrictions: See Directory Information.

Interdisciplinary Program: Designating a combination of subject matter from two or more disciplines within a course or program. Interdisciplinary programs are those that are co-sponsored by two or more departments. Generally a student chooses an advisor from one of the sponsoring departments.

International Baccalaureate: Northern Michigan University recognizes the academic rigor of students participating in the International Baccalaureate (IB) curriculum at their high school. At NMU, credit is available in biology, history and psychology for students who score at least a "5" on the Higher Level Examinations in these areas. Other subject areas are currently under review by the appropriate academic departments. Students are encouraged to submit their official IB results to NMU as soon as they are available. Students who have participated in an IB curriculum are also encouraged to apply to the Honors Program at NMU.

Internship: Work in a firm or agency related to a student’s major program and/or career plans. Involves earning university credit and may involve receiving payment.

Laboratory Science Course: A graduation requirement that all baccalaureate students must complete. The course must have an approved laboratory component. Laboratory courses are those listed specifically under Division III–Foundations of Natural Sciences/Mathematics as having a laboratory. Some associate degrees require a laboratory science course.Refer to the Liberal Studies Program and Graduation Requirements section of the NMU Undergraduate Bulletin for additional information.

Mobile Device: Full-time NMU undergraduate students (registered for 12 or more credit hours) are supplied with an IBM mobile device or Apple iBook® (art and design majors) notebook computer with a standard set of applications, including Microsoft Office, and convenient 24-hour access to the campus network (including the Internet). Perspective students can contact the Office of Admissions for more information, current students can contact Academic Computing Services

Liberal Studies Program Requirements: A defined selection of courses from six divisions of the university, making up the liberal studies base of each associate or baccalaureate degree. The liberal studies program is a required component of each degree and is designed to expose students to a broad area of information. Student should meet with their advisor to discuss liberal studies options. Library: The Lydia Olson Library contains books and journals and provides access to numerous databases. As a depository for U.S. and Michigan government publications, the library houses government documents and includes a map collection. The juvenile/young adult collection also has textbooks and media supporting teacher education. Library facilities include wired and wireless network access for students’ mobile devices, study areas, conference rooms, photocopy machines, microform printers, audiovisual and multimedia equipment. Librarians offer personal guidance in the use of the online catalog, indexes, abstracts, reference sources, online databases and Internet sources. Students are encouraged to seek assistance in accessing and evaluating the many resources available. Library tours and instructional presentations are offered to help students become familiar with the library and information resources and to help them develop their research skills.

Loan: Financial assistance to students which must be repaid. Low interest loans are available and financial need may or m ay not be a factor.

MACRAO Agreement: Students who transfer from a Michigan community college who have the MACRAO stamp on their transcript have completed the foundations of communication requirement. The remainder of their credits will be reviewed for completion of the requirements of the other five divisions of the liberal studies program. Many majors specify certain courses for part of the liberal studies requirements. These courses are required for the degree and they must be taken even if a student has sufficient hours to complete a particular category. NMU applies courses transferred under the MACRAO Agreement in accordance with guidelines established by its faculty. In some cases courses used by the community college to meet the MACRAO Agreement may not be accepted by NMU. An example would be mathematics courses below the level of college algebra (MA 103, MA 104, MA 105).  Upon request the Admissions Office will provide a transfer guide to help students select courses. The MACRAO Agreement is designed for freshmen and sophomore requirements. It does not cover upper division requirements or graduation requirements not a part of the liberal studies requirements, although with careful selection of courses students may complete these requirements at the community college. NMU does not recognize the MACRAO Agreement if a student has attended a community college outside the state of Michigan, has attended a baccalaureate institution before or while attending a community college, or was originally matriculated at NMU and subsequently took courses at a community college.  An exception to this policy is granted to transfer students from Bay De Noc Community College and Gogebic Community College who were dually enrolled at their community college and NMU in approved consortium degree programs.

Major: A student’s primary area of study; a concentration generally consisting of 30 to 50 credit hours. Major, Changing:It is recommended that students meet with an academic advisor from the department of the major in which they are interested. If a student is unsure of what to declare as a major, it is recommended that they meet with an advisor in the Academic and Career Advisement Center. For most academic majors, declaring or changing your major can be done in one of the following ways:

How to Change Your Major

In the department in which you are seeking a new major.
Academic and Career Advisement Center, 906-227-2971.
On the Web at www.nmu.edu/advising.
Students who want to declare any of the following majors must go directly to the department:
Major Department
Cosmetology Admissions Office
Criminal Justice Criminal Justice Department
Education Education Department
English English Department
Psychology Psychology Department
Sociology/Social Work Sociology/Social Work Department
Students with 87 or more credits should also inform the Degree Audit Office of this change so that they may begin preparation of a new degree audit.

Measles Immunization Policy: Northern Michigan University requires that all full-time new and re-entry students born after 1956 provide proof of immunity to measles (rubeola). To comply with this policy, students born after 1956 must submit satisfactory evidence of measles immunity to the Health Center. Active military personnel and veterans are exempt from providing proof of immunity, since they have already met comparable immunization requirements. To comply with the policy active military personnel must present their military I.D. card and veterans must mail a copy of their DD 214 to the Health Center. Medallion:Students who are graduating with Summa Cum Laude (3.80-4.00 GPA) honors are presented with a gold medallion from the President of the Academic Senate as they cross the stage at the commencement ceremony. Scholastic recognition at the commencement ceremony is based upon a student's cumulative (transfer) GPA and NMU GPA through the semester prior to graduation.  Candidates who are graduating with honors will be notified by the Degree Audits Office prior to graduation. Those students receiving honors will also wear special honor cords that will be available at the NMU Bookstore.

Medical Exemption: Students who, in the opinion of the Health Center physician, cannot benefit from any of the health promotion courses may be exempted from either or both of the health promotion courses that are listed in the graduation requirements. Few students are likely to fall within this category.

Medical Hold:A hold may be placed by the university physician against a student who fails to provide proof of vaccinations or who is being denied enrollment because of psychological or medical problems. Holds applied in these situations are made on the basis of recommendations from the Director of the Health Center, another medical doctor, and/or a member of the Northern Michigan University Counseling Center staff. Contact the Health Center at 906-227-2355, for more information.

MG, Grade of:  A grade of "MG" (Missing Grade) Missing grade/no grade submitted is issued when the instructor does not submit a grade for a student by the grading deadline. Student who receive a "MG" should contact the instructor or department head to determine the reason why the grade was not issued on time and when the grade will be recorded.

Minor: A student’s secondary area of study; a concentration generally consisting of 20 to 24 credit hours. mynmu.nmu.edu: Campus pipeline; a secure Web site that provides students, facultyand staff with Intranet and Internet services; provides e-mail,  course registration,  ability to view grades, print unofficial transcripts and explore the Internet.

Natural Sciences/Mathematics, Foundations of: One of five baccalaureate graduation requirements that baccalaureate students must complete. Students select two natural sciences/mathematics courses for a minimum of six credits. Students who complete the science courses should be able to recognize and understand the scientific method; understand and use scientific concepts; understand and discuss general scientific articles; and apply their knowledge of science to everyday experience. Students who complete the mathematics courses should be able to demonstrate a basic understanding of mathematical logic; use mathematics to solve scientific or mathematical problems in college classes; express relationships in the symbolic language of mathematics; and appreciate the role of probability and statistics in analyzing natural phenomena. Most science courses with a few exceptions can be used to meet the graduation requirement of a laboratory course. Refer to the Liberal Studies Program and Graduation Requirements section of the NMU Undergraduate Bulletin for additional information.

NMU Cumulative GPA: All quality (honor) points earned at NMU divided by all NMU quality (credit) hours.

NMU IN: A numeric identification number which is computer generated and unrelated to any social security number, and therefore anonymous to an observer. It provides a one-to-one link to other attributes of one's relationship with the university. The NMU IN is now this new eight-digit identifying number. Traditionally, the SSN was often used for this identification purpose, but that use is now discontinued. To find  your NMU IN, check the Welcome to MyUser Web page.

NMU User ID: (NMU e-mail User ID) An alphanumeric ID which is more personalized and is typically used for computer access or login purposes. This identifier can be up to eight characters in length. (Example: jfrost@nmu.edu)  It provides a one-to-one unique link to other attributes of ones relationship with the university. The NMU User ID is maintained in the university's directory services and may be stored in other authentication systems. The NMU User ID can be changed to reflect name changes by contacting the NMU Help Desk at 906-227-2468. Go to http://myuser.nmu.edu if you do not know your NMU User ID.

Non-Degree Student: Are those who intend to enroll in classes for “personal/professional development” or for purposes other than obtaining a degree, certificate or diploma.  Non-degree students are limited to a maximum enrollment of eight semester credit hours during any enrollment period; are not eligible for financial aid; may enroll under non-degree status for a maximum of 16 attempted credits without going through freshman/transfer admission process; and any subsequent enrollment requires regular admission to the university.

Mobile Device: The use of a mobile device is provided for all full-time undergraduate students enrolled in 12 or more credits and all graduate students enrolled in eight or more credits. The mobile device will be replaced on a two-year cycle.

Official Transcript: A record of all the courses taken at Northern Michigan University along with grades earned and degrees received. An official transcript contains the university seal, Registrar's signature and is printed on official protected paper. Northern Michigan University will issue official transcripts to the student. Official transcripts are provided in a sealed envelope with the Registrar's signature stamped across the seal. The official transcript should remain in the unopened, sealed envelope until it is presented to the employer, institution or scholarship provider. Students can request transcripts in person at the Student Service Center, C.B. Hedgcock, Room 2201.

Official Transcript Definition:An official transcript is one that has been received directly from NMU. Official transcripts are printed on official transcript (green and white) paper. It must bear the embossed or raised  college seal, date, and the Registrar's signature. Transcripts received that do not meet these requirements should not be considered official and should  be routinely rejected for permanent use.  -This definition of an official transcript was endorsed by the Michigan Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers on November 5, 1987. Official University Communication: Every enrolled student automatically receives a university mobile device account which provides access to instructional files and software, e-mail, free dial-in access from off campus and other resources. Students are required to maintain this account which will be used by the university to send time-critical information to students. Northern Michigan University will use a student’s NMU e-mail account as its primary means of communicating official university business, including legally required information. If a student uses a non-university e-mail address, the student must forward their university e-mail to the non-university account. This can be done by visiting the Web site: http://myuser.nmu.edu/ and utilizing the e-mail forwarding wizard.

Orientation: A program especially designed for new freshmen and transfer students to acquaint them with the university. Orientation is also the time for new NMU students to take placement examinations, meet with academic advisors and schedule classes. Overage: A check disbursed to students on the first day of the semester if their financial aid is more than their charges for the semester. Checks are picked up in the Student Service Center, C.B. Hedgcock, Room 2201.

Overload: Enrolling in more than 20 credits during the fall and winter semesters or more than 16 credits in the summer session. Permission from a faculty advisor is required.

Part-time Student: An undergraduate student who enrolls in less than 12 credit hours per semester.

Payment Plans: Northern Michigan University offers four options for the payment of tuition and fees and housing charges. The options are designed to assist students and their families meet their financial obligations to the university by the required tuition and fees due dates. Unless an installment or deferral plan below is elected by the due date, students will be responsible for paying charges as follows:

  1.  Payment of tuition, fees and housing payments, less applicable financial aid awards, in full by the tuition due date.
     
  2. Payment of tuition and fees and one third of housing charges, less applicable financial aid awards, in full by the tuition due date. Balance of housing charges payable in two additional installments due on or about September 1 and October 1 for fall semester and February 1 and March 1 for winter semester.

A late fee of $100 per semester will be assessed for tuition and fee payments that are not received by the tuition due date. A late fee of $25 will be assessed for each housing payment which is not received by the scheduled due date (option 2 above.) Contact the Student Service Center, C.B. Hedgcock, Room 2201, for more information.

Pell Grant, Federal: Grant awarded on the basis of financial need for undergraduate study or pursuing first baccalaureate degree. Students apply by submitting the FAFSA. Assistance varies from $400 to $4050. The grant is pro-rated for less than full-time enrollment. Pell Grants do not have to be repaid.

PIN Number: Personal identification number used to access confidential student information such as e-bill. PIN numbers are obtainable with a photo ID at the Student Service Center or at the Welcome to MyUser Web page.

Per Credit Tuition Rate: The tuition charge per credit hour when a student is enrolled less than full-time or for each credit hour over that is not covered in the flat rate tuition range.

Placement Exams: University examinations given during orientation to place students in the appropriate composition and/or mathematics courses. Placement examinations are for NMU internal use only and cannot be transferred to another institution. The English Department and the Mathematics and Computer Science Departments keep on file the examination results for a one-year period.

Police Academy: (NMU Public Safety Institute, Regional Police Academy) The Regional Police Academy is a 16-week, 900-hour police training school designed to provide basic law enforcement training to in-service and pre-service recruits. At the successful completion of the academy training, a recruit becomes certifiable as a police officer through the Michigan Commission on Law Enforcement Standards (MCOLES). This training is transferable to most other states.

Portfolio: A collection of work (e.g., paintings, writings, etc.) which may be used to demonstrate competency in an academic or artistic area.

Post-Baccalaureate Student: A student who has already completed a bachelor’s degree and is currently enrolled in a program of study which leads to additional undergraduate baccalaureate degree.

Prerequisite: Course requirements that must be met before a student may register for a course. Prerequisites are listed in the Course Descriptions section of the NMU Undergraduate Bulletin.

Probation, Academic: Students with an overall GPA that falls below a 2.00 (or those initially admitted to the University on probation) will be placed on academic probation and must meet certain semester GPA requirements based on the Academic Probation Standards (below). Students who fail to meet these requirements will be suspended from the University. Students remain on academic probation until they attain good standing (2.00 overall GPA).

Quality Hours: The total credit hours used in calculating the NMU GPA on the NMU transcript. Credit hour for NMU course that is graded A-F. Quality hours are used in calculating a student’s scholastic average by dividing total honor points (QPTS) by total credit hours (QHRS) attempted.

Quality Points: The total honor points used in calculating the NMU GPA on the NMU transcript. Honor point for NMU course that is graded A-F. Quality points are used in calculating a student’s scholastic average by dividing total honor points (QPTS) by total credit hours (QHRS) attempted.