MARQUETTE – Several presentations on the Upper Peninsula will be featured as part of the Sonderegger Symposium III at Northern Michigan University. The public is invited to attend. There is no admission charge.

The symposium kicks off at 7 p.m. Thursday, Oct. 23, in the Mead Auditorium of the West Science Building at NMU. Terry Reynolds will present “Cleveland-Cliffs and the Cutover: A Mining Company Attempts to Settle Its Cutover Lands, 1895-1905.” Reynolds, a Michigan Tech professor, received a research grant to study related documents at the Central U.P. and NMU Archives.

Upper Peninsula mining companies – Cleveland-Cliffs, in particular – were active in promoting cutover agriculture. CCI’s 20-year attempt to promote agricultural settlement in the region’s cutover was unique in terms of specific programs and the scope of its efforts. Reynold’s presentation will address how and why iron mining companies came to be large holders of cutover properties, the variety of programs CCI undertook to attract settlers, and reasons why the company’s efforts were broader in scope than those of most other purveyors of cutover lands.

Remaining presentations on Friday, Oct. 24, are scheduled as follows:

•9:15-9:45 a.m., “Deep Troughs on the Floor of the Eastern Lake Superior Basin and Large-Scale Glaciofluvial Landforms in the Central Upper Peninsula,” by Robert Regis of NMU and Carrie Jennings-Patterson of the Minnesota Geological Survey.

•9:45-10:15 a.m., “Late Pleistocene and Holocene Dune Building in Eastern Upper Michigan, by Walter Loope of the U.S. Geological Survey and University of Nebraska professors Henry Loope and Ronald Goble.

•10:30-11 a.m., “Geoarchaeology of Grand Island,” by John Anderton, director of the Center for U.P. Studies at NMU.

•11-11:30 a.m., “The Gorto Site: The Find of a Thousand Lifetimes,” by James Paquette of CCI Mining Co.

•11:30-noon, “An Environmental History of the Carp River, Marquette County,” by Robert Gorcik of Hey and Associates Inc.

•1:30-2 p.m., “Food of the Missionaries and Explorers in the Upper Peninsula, 1655-1855,” by Russell Magnaghi of NMU.

•2-2:30 p.m., “Dr. Douglass Houghton’s 1840 Geological Exploration of the Marquette-Area Shoreline,” by Bernard Peters of NMU.

•2:30-3 p.m., The 1946 Iron Miners Strike on the Marquette Iron Range,” by Marcus Robyns and Kirsten Lystila of NMU.

•3:15-3:45 p.m., “Protected Areas in the U.P.: What Are They Worth and How Much is Enough?,” by Karin Steffins and Jon Saari of NMU

•3:45-4:15 p.m., “Dam Disasters, Buffer Zones, and River Restoration Opportunities – The Dead River Comes Alive!,” by Ron Sundell of NMU.

•4:15-4:45 p.m., “The Future of Power Production in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan,” by Jennifer Silverston of NMU.


The Sonderegger Symposium is hosted by the Center for Upper Peninsula Studies at NMU, with financial support from the Sonderegger family.

Prepared By
Kristi Evans
News Director