Central Upper Peninsula and Northern Michigan University Archives
Cliffs Dow Company records
Table of Contents
- Central Upper Peninsula and Northern Michigan University Archives
- Jenner, R. Wesley
- Cliffs Dow Company records
- Date [inclusive]
- 1934 - 1984
- 1.5 Linear feet 1 gray, metal edge box
Preferred Citation note
[Identification of item], in the Cliffs Dow Company records, MSS-008, Central Upper Peninsula and Northern Michigan University Archives, Northern Michigan University.
In 1903, the Cleveland Cliffs Iron Mining Company began operation of the charcoal pig iron plant in North Marquette under the name Pioneer Iron Company. The plant was previously owned and operated by the Pioneer Iron Mining Company. The plant continued to produce charcoal and engage in the distillation of wood after 1903. In 1935, the Cleveland-Cliffs Iron Mining Company and The Dow Chemical Company merged to form the Cliffs - Dow Chemical Company. The newly merged company took over the plant to begin the Scholler process for acid hydrolysis of wood to make ethyl alchohol, also known as ethanol. The plant ceased operation in 1969 after Royal Oak Charcoal Company, headquartered in Memphis, Tennessee, bought the business in 1968. A complete history written by R.W. Jenner can be found in folder 3 of the collection.
Scope and Contents note
This collection contains the scattered records of R. Wesley Jenner, long-time employee and president (1960-1968) of the Cliffs Dow Chemical Company of Marquette, Michigan. The records primarily relate to the company which manufactured charcoal and was the largest and sophisticated wood distillation plant in the world from 1940-1968. The records include company technical reports for 1935-1950, news clippings and press releases, addresses and articles written and presented by Jenner on the company's operations and history, a 1935 plant inventory, operations and product flow charts, and miscellaneous materials relating to the company. Also included is biographical information about Jenner himself, and correspondence. The correspondence largely relates to Jenner's retirement, but also includes a 1982 memo Jenner wrote regarding plant disposal sites and environmental impact.
Alphabetical by subject headings.
Central Upper Peninsula and Northern Michigan University Archives 8/1995Harden Learning Resources Center 126
1401 Presque Isle Ave
Marquette, Michigan, 49855
Conditions Governing Access note
No restrictions. Open for research.
Immediate Source of Acquisition note
Donated by Ethel Jenner in 1988; accession no. 121.
Controlled Access Headings
- Cliffs Dow Chemical Company--History--Sources.
- Marquette (Mich.)--Industries.
- Jenner, Ethel
- Charcoal industry--Michigan--Marquette.
- Environmental protection--Michigan--Marquette.
- Ethanol fuel industry--Michigan--Marquette.
MSS-008 Box 1 of 1 1934-1984 1.0 box
Biographical Information 1952; 1967
Cliffs Dow Chemical Company 1934-1937; 1970
Cliffs Dow Chemical Company--History 1935-1979
Cliffs Dow Chemical Company--News Clippings 1953-1984
Cliffs Dow Chemical Company--Technical Report 1935-1950 1950
Correspondence 1968-1969; 1982