The records described in this inventory were a gift to the Department from the Cleveland Cliffs Iron Company. The Jackson Iron Company, one of the companies which merged to form the Cleveland Cliffs Iron Company, owned an aggregate of 16,000 acres in the lower half of the Garden Peninsula of Delta County, Michigan. A furnace town was built on the border of Snail Shell Harbor and named “Fayette” in honor of Fayette Brown, general manager of the Jackson Iron Company. Here the ore from mines of the region was converted to pig iron before shipment to the lower lakes. Over a quarter million tons of pig iron is believed to have been produced from Fayette’s furnaces from 1869 until 1892.
A disastrous fire in 1883 destroyed furnaces, the casting house, various stock houses, other buildings and supplies. The company decided to rebuild in spite of this loss estimated at about $40,000 coupled with a slow iron market. But Fayette never regained its success and fame as a furnace town. In the early 1890’s the machinery was dissembled, the residents moved, and the town site settled into quiet decay.
In 1959 the State of Michigan acquired Fayette and restored it as a State Historical Park by the Michigan Department of Conservation. Today, thousands of tourists and history enthusiasts visit the repaired and restored site where ore from Michigan’s first iron Mine was melted in the charcoal furnaces of Fayette.
Among the materials found by the Department during the first days of the restoration project were the records of the Cleveland Cliffs Company. Wooden storage boxes full of records were removed to the Department’s headquarters at Marquette for examination. Those relating to Fayette were sorted out and returned to the Park. Boxes of records relating to other aspects of the Company were removed to the museum of the Marquette County Historical Society, Incorporated, for storage. Months passed while the Company determined what, if any, they should retain.
Records described here were delivered to the Archives on June 25, 1965, following the transfer of records from the Company to the Michigan Department of Conservation, Parks Division.
The records comprising this group occupy 76 feet of space and will hereafter be identified as Record Group 65-37, Records of the Department of Conservation, Parks Division, in the Michigan Historical Commission Archives.
RECORDS OF THE MICHIGAN DEPARTMENT OF CONSERVATION PARKS AND RECREATION DIVISION
RECORDS OF THE CLEVELAND CLIFFS IRON COMPANY (1)
WEEKLY REPORTS OF MINES AND FURNACE PRODUCTION. 1869-1873;
1878-1880; 1884-1885; 1889-1892; 1894-1896. 9 FEET, 5 INCHES (1)
Mainly reports of tonnage of ore mined, on hand and shipped during week, together with totals. Form varies in detail. Furnace reports include amount of coal and flux consumed, total amount of iron produced, number of bushels of charcoal consumed ore ton of iron and percent of ore yielded. Arranged chronologically, then alphabetically by name of mine or furnace. Report of furnace productions is outsize.
STATEMENT OF SALES. 1867-1890. 6 feet, 1 inch. (2)
Chronological account of value and amount of pig iron and ore sold, consigned and on hand. Also lists bills settled and unsettled, amount remitted to Charles J. Canda, Jr., Treasurer, and drafts paid. Occasionally includes receipts for ore accompanied by name of vessel transporting ore. Sales were made by P.J. Ralph and Company, 1874-1875; James Rood, Agent, 1867-1885, 1889-1890; Rhodes and Company, 1868-1879, 1881-1882; and M.A. Hanna and Company, successor to Rhodes and Company, 1883-1885 and 1890. (2)
(1) Cleveland Iron Mining Company of Michigan was organized November 9, 1847 and incorporated by Act 294, Laws of Michigan, 1850. Various mergers absorbed the Pioneer Iron Company, Jackson Iron Company, Iron Cliffs Company, and the name changed to Cleveland-Cliffs Iron Company C1891. The company owned several mines, including the Salisbury, Ogden, Foster, Tilden, Holmes, Barnum, Empire and Excelsior, and the huge underground deposit at the Cliffs Shaft at Ishpeming.
(2) Mark Hanna of Cleveland, Ohio, married the daughter of Daniel P. Rhodes. The Rhodes firm, developed from a pioneer coal business, was reorganized in 1885 and became M.A. Hanna & Company with interests in charcoal, pig iron, furnaces, coal and ore carriers. P. 180, A Century of Iron and Men, by Harlan Hatcher. Bobbs-Merrill, 1950.
REPORTS OF PRESSURE OF BLAST. 1879-1880; 1885. 1 folder (1 inch)
Statistical report of pressure for Pioneer Furnace No. 1, 1879 and Pioneer Furnace No. 2, 1880; 1885. Form offers day, pressure at various times, and remarks relating to stoppages. Arranged chronologically.
PAYROLLS. 1866-1869; 1873; 1875-1885; 1890-1892; 1895. 45 feet. (4)
Form report of amount of labor done at various mines, coal and wood jobs, general office and store of the company. Offers date, name of employee, occupation, time worked, rate of pay per day, total amount of pay for month, amounts due company for rent, store merchandise, board, medical services wood and sundries total amount due individual and signature or mark of individual who received payment. Arranged chronologically, then alphabetically by name of mine, job and the like.
REPORT OF COAL KILNS. 1880. 1 folder. 1/2 inch. (5)
Offers name of worker, amount of days worked, pay per day or per cord of wood, number of coal cars filled and, occasionally amount due company for board and remarks about work activity. Includes related drafts, orders, receipts of earlier date, 1870-1880. Kilns involved were Maple Ridge, Twenty-Two and Houston.
STATEMENTS OF COST OF MINING ORE AND MAKING IRON 1874-1893 7 in. (6)
Includes annual statements of cost, 1870-1874; of making charcoal pig iron in the Pioneer Furnace. Offers quantities of material consumed per ton of iron, cost at furnace per ton of iron made and remarks about average yield. Form varies. Some include monthly statement comparing amount and cost of ore mined during month with similar month of previous year. In 1892 the form is enlarged to include amounts credited, received, on hand, and a statement of labor. The latter includes kind of labor; number of days worked, total wages, number of men working and remarks on condition of plant. Arranged chronologically.
MONTHLY STATEMENT OF PIG IRON TRANSPORTED AND SHIPPED ON ACCOUNT OF THE COMPANY. 1879-1880; 1885. 2 inches. (7)
Offers date and numbers of manifest; grade of iron and separate weight in pounds, total weight in pounds, amount in tons, rate and amount used locally. Arranged chronologically.
STATEMENTS RELATING TO MERCANTILE DEPARTMENT. 1874-1878; 1884-1887. 3 inches. (8)
Lists of goods to be purchased for resale, drafts required, overdue and unpaid bills, and statement of sales on account and for cash. Arranged chronologically.
STATEMENT OF NEW CONSTRUCTION. 1924-1930. 1 folder. 1 inch. (9)
Detailed statement of expenditure and reserve for depreciation on plant improvements and miscellaneous equipment accounts. Offers identification number of account, purpose, amount of total expenditures, date work was completed, amount of ledger account, where operation was charged, authorized rate, total amount of reserve, cost account number, balance not charged to costs and remarks.
CONTRACTS. 1866-1868; 1880 1 folder. 1 inch. (10)
Includes contracts with Edward Breitung about silver lead and with others about land and transportation. Also includes copy of act authorizing company to acquire and hold certain lands and stocks. Arranged chronologically.
ORDERS. 1873; 1878; 1880. 2 inches. (11)
Orders for iron and goods to be delivered to Barnum Mine, 1873 AND 1878; AND Pioneer Mine, 1880. Includes orders for shipment of iron in and charged to the mines. Arranged chronologically.
BILLS OF LADING FOR LAKE ORE SHIPMENTS. 1868; 1872; 1879; 1885.
5 inches. (12)
Bills of lading for lake ore shipped June through December, 1868; May through November 1872; May through November, 1885. Includes date; kind of transportation; name of shipper, name of barge, schooner or propeller; port of departure and where bound; amount and kind of material shipped; rate; amount on deck and remarks about time of loading, losses. Signature of masters of vessels appears occasionally. Arranged chronologically
LISTS OF SUBSCRIBERS TO AID INJURED, BLIND AND DISTRESSED INDIVIDUALS. C1870-1880. 1 folder. (13)
Includes name of donor or subscriber, amount given and, occasionally, name of person to receive aid and reason for the collection. Not arranged.
COLLECTIONS FOR MEDICAL SERVICES. 1879-1885. 1 folder. ½ inch. (14)
Copies for statements for costs covering medical services to company employees. Arranged chronologically.
WEEKLY REPORTS OF DIAMOND DRILL OPERATIONS. 1877-1884; 1888; 1890.
1 folder. ½ inch (15)Offers date, size and identification number of hole, location of drill point, report of progress and kind of rock encountered during drill. Depth of drill holes and standpipe and signature of person responsible are included. Arranged chronologically.
INSURANCE POLICIES. 1872-1875. 1folder. ½ inch. (16)
Form printed policies insuring physical plant, equipment, provisions, merchandise and other assets.
STATEMENT OF FAMILY CHARGES AND RENT. 1885. 1 folder. ½ inch (17)
Includes name, nature of charges and amounts involved.
RECORD OF ORE RECEIVED AT FURNACE. 1890-1893. (18)
Offers date, number of car, gross weight, weight of car, net weight, amount consumed and, Occasionally, name of railroad transporting ore, “Ore books” on spine. Arranged alphabetically by name of mine, i.e.: Barnum, Cleveland Lake, Cliffs Shaft, Foster, Excelsior, and Salisbury.
FINANCIAL JOURNALS OF LAND DEPARTNENT OPERATION. 1889-1890; 1896-1914. 2 volumes. (19)
Chronological journal of money expended offers dates of transactions, amounts of money involved and purpose. “Journal” on spine.
INVENTORY. 1896-1900. 1 volume. (20)
Itemized list of supplies and equipment used in barn, office, kiln, farm, nursery, greenhouse and warehouse together with value of sales, purchases, rents and miscellaneous assets.
INVOICE BOOK. 1887-1888. 1 volume. (21)
Invoices from various sources of business in to the company offer date, name and address of business firm or supplier, items quantity, cost, date, signature of approval by the general manager and manner of payment. Arranged chronologically within scrapbook volume.
LEDGER SHEETS OF SPECIAL ACCOUNTS RELATING TO STOCK OF FOREST PRODUCTS, REAL ESTATE, EQUIPMENT AND CONSTRUCTION.
1914-1917. 2 inches.
Offer date, items, amount of debits and credits, name and number of account.
FORMS. 1867-1890. Sampling. 5 inches. (23)
Includes monthly statement in from general merchandising department relating to goods purchased by company in 1867, 1872, 1879; monthly statements from Cochrane Roller Mill Company, 1890; requisitions and orders, 1879; bank receipts, 1872-1876; general receipts, 1864-1884; payroll receipts and vouchers relating to Barnum Mine, 1879-1880; receipts for shipment, 1880. Arranged chronologically.
RECEIPTS, ORDERS, INVOICES AND STATEMENTS. C1870. Sampling. 5 in. (24)
RECORDS RELATING TO HALL AND MUNSON COMPANY (1) AND ALLIED INTERESTS IN MINES, LAND AND TIMBER LOCATED IN MICHIGAN AND WESTERN STATES. 1882-1902. 1 FOOT, 3 INCHES. (25)
Mainly letters in and occasional letters out from Hall and Munson Company of Bay Mills, Michigan, operated by Lewis A. Hall, President; Robert H. Munson, Vice-President; and Thomas Bailey, Secretary-Treasurer, 1889-1902. Includes letters, agreements, assignments, leases, contracts, mortgages, bills of sale, certificates of patent and trademark. Arranged chronologically.
GENERAL LETTERS IN RELATING TO COMPANY BUSINESS. 1866-1883. 1 ft., 8
in. Letters in to Charles J. Canda, treasurer, 1870-1874 , 1876-1882; miscellaneous (26) letters in, 1866-1891; letters in from A.W. Maitland, general manager, 1882; letters in to T.J. Houston, general manager, 1873, 1876; letters in to T.J. Houston, general manager, from W. H. Barnum, president of Barnum and Richardson Manufacturing Company Car Wheel Works and manufacturers of Salisbury Charcoal pig iron, Chicago, Illinois, and senator of the United States, 1877-1879; letters in to A.W. Maitland, assistant general manager, from T.G. Houston, manager, 1880-1881; letters in from C.F. Chandler of the
School of Mines, Columbia College, New York City, 1876; letters in to T.B. Brooks, vice-president, 1868; letters in to S.T. Douglas and W. P. Healy, attorneys for the company, 1874-1880; letters in from P.J. Ralph Company, 1872-1875; letters in to E. B. Isham, superintendent, 1868-4869; letters and memoranda in from banks, 1870-1877; letters in from Rhoades and Company, dealers in coal, iron ore and pig iron, 1878-1881. Arranged chronologically.
LETTERS IN FROM JAMES ROOD, AGENT, LOCATED IN CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
1867-1874, 1876-1882. 1 ft., 3 in. (27)
Letters in relating to sale, transportation and payment for iron. Arranged chronologically.
LETTERS IN FROM T.J. HOUSTON, GENERAL MANAGER. 1874-1879 1 ft., 3 in. (28)
Relate mainly to financial affairs of the company. Include reports of operations, condition of plant and equipment, general economic and health aspects of the country and plans for development of company interests. Arranged chronologically.
LETTERS IN TO CHARLES J. CANDA, JR. , TREASURER, AND MAJOR T.B. BROOKS, VICE PRESIDENT, FROM EDWARD KIRK TALCOTT AND E.B. ISHAM, SUPERINTENDENTS. 1866-1872. 10 in. (29)
Letters relating to actual operations of furnaces, condition of physical plants, work activity, number of men employed, equipment and personnel needs and problems, amounts of money drawn on drafts and sales of iron. Arranged chronologically.
CORRESPONDENCE RELATING TO ACQUISITION OF LAND OWNED BY BAY-VIEW CAMPGROUND ASSOCIATION AND ON GRAND ISLAND. 1904. 1 folder (30) (1 in.)
Letters in, carbons of letters out and indentures relating to leases of land owned by Bayview Campground Association at Bay View and Petoskey, and on Grand Island.