ECAR Study of Undergraduate Students and Technology, 2013

Northern Michigan University Benchmarking Report


1.1. Age. Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
18-24 693 22637 76427
88.6% 79.5% 76.2%
25+ 89 5853 23879
11.4% 20.5% 23.8%
Total 782 28490 100306
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

1.2. Class standing Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Freshman or first-year student 180 6403 24873
23.0% 22.5% 24.8%
Sophomore or second-year student 183 5183 23034
23.4% 18.2% 23.0%
Junior or third-year student 164 7454 23269
21.0% 26.2% 23.2%
Senior or fourth-year student 227 8329 24141
29.0% 29.2% 24.1%
Other type of undergraduate student 28 1121 4989
3.6% 3.9% 5.0%
Total 782 28490 100306
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

2.1a. Own: Laptop Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
No, and I don't plan to purchase one 30 979 3629
3.8% 3.4% 3.6%
No, but I plan to purchase one 38 927 3372
4.9% 3.3% 3.4%
Yes, I currently own one 714 26584 93305
91.3% 93.3% 93.0%
Total 782 28490 100306
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

2.1b. Own: Tablet or iPad Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
No, and I don't plan to purchase one 562 16242 56768
71.9% 57.0% 56.6%
No, but I plan to purchase one 88 4273 14259
11.3% 15.0% 14.2%
Yes, I currently own one 132 7975 29279
16.9% 28.0% 29.2%
Total 782 28490 100306
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

2.1c. Own: Smartphone Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
No, and I don't plan to purchase one 229 4984 16657
29.3% 17.5% 16.6%
No, but I plan to purchase one 78 2119 7041
10.0% 7.4% 7.0%
Yes, I currently own one 475 21387 76608
60.7% 75.1% 76.4%
Total 782 28490 100306
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

2.1d. Own: Dedicated e-reader Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
No, and I don't plan to purchase one 635 22706 78438
81.2% 79.7% 78.2%
No, but I plan to purchase one 27 1333 4403
3.5% 4.7% 4.4%
Yes, I currently own one 120 4451 17465
15.3% 15.6% 17.4%
Total 782 28490 100306
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

2.1e. Own: Desktop computer Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
No, and I don't plan to purchase one 556 17517 61109
71.1% 61.5% 60.9%
No, but I plan to purchase one 38 1209 4335
4.9% 4.2% 4.3%
Yes, I currently own one 188 9764 34862
24.0% 34.3% 34.8%
Total 782 28490 100306
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

2.2a. OS/type: Laptop Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Windows 582 18468 62357
81.5% 69.5% 66.9%
Mac 113 7611 29272
15.8% 28.7% 31.4%
Linux 3 236 875
0.4% 0.9% 0.9%
Other 8 156 473
1.1% 0.6% 0.5%
Don't know 8 93 265
1.1% 0.4% 0.3%
Total 714 26564 93242
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

2.2b. OS/type: Tablet or iPad Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
iOS (iPad) 29 2885 10827
64.4% 59.8% 61.1%
Windows OS 1 268 888
2.2% 5.6% 5.0%
Android OS 9 1268 4668
20.0% 26.3% 26.4%
BlackBerry OS 0 23 81
0.0% 0.5% 0.5%
web OS 0 29 125
0.0% 0.6% 0.7%
Other OS 1 79 302
2.2% 1.6% 1.7%
Don't know 5 272 823
11.1% 5.6% 4.6%
Total 45 4824 17714
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

2.2b. OS/type: Tablet or iPad (no Android OS option*) Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
iOS (iPad) 46 1795 7080
52.9% 57.3% 61.5%
Windows OS 9 269 974
10.3% 8.6% 8.5%
BlackBerry OS 0 22 66
0.0% 0.7% 0.6%
web OS 2 69 212
2.3% 2.2% 1.8%
Other OS 14 652 2089
16.1% 20.8% 18.2%
Don't know 16 328 1087
18.4% 10.5% 9.4%
Total 87 3135 11508
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

* Note: Question 2.2b originally appeared without an "Android OS" option.
Early respondents saw this version of the question.

2.2c. OS/type: Smartphone Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
iPhone 253 11097 41470
53.5% 52.0% 54.2%
Android phone 197 9214 31424
41.6% 43.2% 41.1%
Windows phone 7 323 1239
1.5% 1.5% 1.6%
BlackBerry phone 5 362 1211
1.1% 1.7% 1.6%
Other smartphone 10 305 988
2.1% 1.4% 1.3%
Don't know 1 50 155
0.2% 0.2% 0.2%
Total 473 21351 76487
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

2.2d. OS/type: Dedicated e-reader Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Kindle 86 3036 11821
71.7% 68.4% 67.8%
Nook 26 1060 4272
21.7% 23.9% 24.5%
Sony Reader 2 81 313
1.7% 1.8% 1.8%
Other dedicated e-reader 5 212 845
4.2% 4.8% 4.8%
Don't know 1 52 179
0.8% 1.2% 1.0%
Total 120 4441 17430
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

2.2e. OS/type: Desktop computer Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Windows 165 8531 30218
88.2% 87.6% 86.9%
Mac 12 960 3581
6.4% 9.9% 10.3%
Linux 7 162 676
3.7% 1.7% 1.9%
Other 0 41 163
0.0% 0.4% 0.5%
Don't know 3 43 153
1.6% 0.4% 0.4%
Total 187 9737 34791
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

2.3a. Use: Laptop Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Haven't used in the past year 1 652 2773
0.1% 2.3% 2.8%
Use for academic and other purposes 753 26160 91921
96.5% 92.0% 91.9%
Use for academic purposes only 21 1226 3824
2.7% 4.3% 3.8%
Use for other purposes only 5 389 1506
0.6% 1.4% 1.5%
Total 780 28427 100024
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

2.3b. Use: Tablet or iPad Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Haven't used in the past year 453 13399 47218
59.9% 48.4% 48.5%
Use for academic and other purposes 149 9343 32432
19.7% 33.8% 33.3%
Use for academic purposes only 5 579 1930
0.7% 2.1% 2.0%
Use for other purposes only 149 4348 15773
19.7% 15.7% 16.2%
Total 756 27669 97353
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

2.3c. Use: Smartphone Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Haven't used in the past year 226 4863 16606
29.4% 17.4% 16.8%
Use for academic and other purposes 309 17210 60491
40.2% 61.4% 61.3%
Use for academic purposes only 5 178 598
0.7% 0.6% 0.6%
Use for other purposes only 228 5760 20933
29.7% 20.6% 21.2%
Total 768 28011 98628
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

2.3d. Use: Dedicated e-reader Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Haven't used in the past year 578 20131 69797
76.6% 73.8% 72.6%
Use for academic and other purposes 81 3531 12376
10.7% 12.9% 12.9%
Use for academic purposes only 10 781 2538
1.3% 2.9% 2.6%
Use for other purposes only 86 2843 11409
11.4% 10.4% 11.9%
Total 755 27286 96120
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

2.3e. Use: Desktop computer Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Haven't used in the past year 377 10103 35334
49.6% 36.5% 36.3%
Use for academic and other purposes 255 12409 43838
33.6% 44.9% 45.0%
Use for academic purposes only 37 3485 12161
4.9% 12.6% 12.5%
Use for other purposes only 91 1668 6138
12.0% 6.0% 6.3%
Total 760 27665 97471
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

2.4a. Academic success: Laptop Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
N/A; Don't use the device 1 667 2827
0.1% 2.3% 2.8%
Not at all important 2 168 691
0.3% 0.6% 0.7%
Not very important 7 496 1727
0.9% 1.7% 1.7%
Moderately important 35 1555 5602
4.5% 5.5% 5.6%
Very important 128 5056 16930
16.4% 17.8% 16.9%
Extremely important 608 20476 72230
77.8% 72.1% 72.2%
Total 781 28418 100007
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

2.4b. Academic success: Tablet or iPad Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
N/A; Don't use the device 477 13956 50098
62.6% 50.1% 51.1%
Not at all important 67 2066 7811
8.8% 7.4% 8.0%
Not very important 113 3758 13104
14.8% 13.5% 13.4%
Moderately important 58 3802 12883
7.6% 13.6% 13.1%
Very important 24 2138 7070
3.1% 7.7% 7.2%
Extremely important 23 2156 7107
3.0% 7.7% 7.2%
Total 762 27876 98073
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

2.4c. Academic success: Smartphone Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
N/A; Don't use the device 252 5117 17880
32.4% 18.2% 18.1%
Not at all important 67 1924 7686
8.6% 6.8% 7.8%
Not very important 151 4872 18190
19.4% 17.3% 18.4%
Moderately important 150 6490 23029
19.3% 23.1% 23.3%
Very important 67 4031 13515
8.6% 14.3% 13.7%
Extremely important 90 5682 18707
11.6% 20.2% 18.9%
Total 777 28116 99007
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

2.4d. Academic success: Dedicated e-reader Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
N/A; Don't use the device 545 18974 67068
71.4% 68.8% 69.2%
Not at all important 75 2427 9468
9.8% 8.8% 9.8%
Not very important 77 2898 9777
10.1% 10.5% 10.1%
Moderately important 44 1900 6274
5.8% 6.9% 6.5%
Very important 13 764 2440
1.7% 2.8% 2.5%
Extremely important 9 608 1937
1.2% 2.2% 2.0%
Total 763 27571 96964
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

2.4e. Academic success: Desktop computer Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
N/A; Don't use the device 400 10663 38205
52.3% 38.2% 38.9%
Not at all important 68 1306 5182
8.9% 4.7% 5.3%
Not very important 98 2748 10223
12.8% 9.9% 10.4%
Moderately important 107 4667 15746
14.0% 16.7% 16.0%
Very important 53 3508 11384
6.9% 12.6% 11.6%
Extremely important 39 5001 17447
5.1% 17.9% 17.8%
Total 765 27893 98187
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

2.5. Provided desktop: Convenience Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 104 14435 47993
14.0% 51.6% 48.9%
Unchecked 637 13520 50185
86.0% 48.4% 51.1%
Total 741 27955 98178
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

2.5. Provided desktop: Access library resources Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 187 12615 40530
25.2% 45.1% 41.3%
Unchecked 554 15340 57648
74.8% 54.9% 58.7%
Total 741 27955 98178
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

2.5. Provided desktop: Access printing services Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 227 16823 56948
30.6% 60.2% 58.0%
Unchecked 514 11132 41230
69.4% 39.8% 42.0%
Total 741 27955 98178
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

2.5. Provided desktop: Access specialty software Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 101 9452 32272
13.6% 33.8% 32.9%
Unchecked 640 18503 65906
86.4% 66.2% 67.1%
Total 741 27955 98178
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

2.5. Provided desktop: Access specialty hardware Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 59 3646 12053
8.0% 13.0% 12.3%
Unchecked 682 24309 86125
92.0% 87.0% 87.7%
Total 741 27955 98178
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

2.5. Provided desktop: Better Internet Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 80 6869 20394
10.8% 24.6% 20.8%
Unchecked 661 21086 77784
89.2% 75.4% 79.2%
Total 741 27955 98178
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

2.5. Provided desktop: Designated workspace Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 92 7539 25545
12.4% 27.0% 26.0%
Unchecked 649 20416 72633
87.6% 73.0% 74.0%
Total 741 27955 98178
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

2.5. Provided desktop: Build academic social networks Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 33 1575 4630
4.5% 5.6% 4.7%
Unchecked 708 26380 93548
95.5% 94.4% 95.3%
Total 741 27955 98178
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

2.5. Provided desktop: Don't use Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 414 6244 23917
55.9% 22.3% 24.4%
Unchecked 327 21711 74261
44.1% 77.7% 75.6%
Total 741 27955 98178
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

2.5. Provided desktop: Other Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 14 499 2182
1.9% 1.8% 2.2%
Unchecked 727 27456 95996
98.1% 98.2% 97.8%
Total 741 27955 98178
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

2.6. Own: Printer Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
No 232 8428 29737
29.7% 29.7% 29.8%
Yes 549 19962 70195
70.3% 70.3% 70.2%
Total 781 28390 99932
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.2a. Support: Accessing library resources Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Service not offered for mobile device 71 1958 7304
9.1% 6.9% 7.3%
Haven't used service in the past year 247 7949 30728
31.7% 28.1% 30.9%
Poor 23 1451 5197
3.0% 5.1% 5.2%
Fair 45 2257 7567
5.8% 8.0% 7.6%
Neutral 62 2822 9539
8.0% 10.0% 9.6%
Good 177 6922 22968
22.7% 24.5% 23.1%
Excellent 154 4942 16281
19.8% 17.5% 16.3%
Total 779 28301 99584
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.2b. Support: Checking grades Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Service not offered for mobile device 45 1085 4015
5.8% 3.8% 4.0%
Haven't used service in the past year 112 3368 12624
14.4% 11.9% 12.7%
Poor 64 1941 7221
8.2% 6.9% 7.3%
Fair 73 2977 10482
9.4% 10.5% 10.5%
Neutral 84 3086 10804
10.8% 10.9% 10.9%
Good 225 9313 31845
29.0% 32.9% 32.0%
Excellent 173 6519 22550
22.3% 23.0% 22.7%
Total 776 28289 99541
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.2c. Support: Registering for courses Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Service not offered for mobile device 70 1969 7098
9.0% 7.0% 7.2%
Haven't used service in the past year 176 5962 22305
22.7% 21.2% 22.5%
Poor 79 3368 11512
10.2% 12.0% 11.6%
Fair 44 2555 8675
5.7% 9.1% 8.8%
Neutral 55 3081 10412
7.1% 11.0% 10.5%
Good 171 6458 22367
22.1% 23.0% 22.6%
Excellent 179 4717 16609
23.1% 16.8% 16.8%
Total 774 28110 98978
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.2d. Support: Accessing financial aid information Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Service not offered for mobile device 55 1610 5612
7.1% 5.7% 5.7%
Haven't used service in the past year 195 7305 27839
25.1% 25.9% 28.0%
Poor 61 2254 8126
7.8% 8.0% 8.2%
Fair 55 2622 9441
7.1% 9.3% 9.5%
Neutral 77 3400 11853
9.9% 12.1% 11.9%
Good 181 6693 22138
23.3% 23.7% 22.3%
Excellent 154 4323 14257
19.8% 15.3% 14.4%
Total 778 28207 99266
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.2e. Support: Ordering transcripts Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Service not offered for mobile device 70 2052 7170
9.0% 7.3% 7.3%
Haven't used service in the past year 300 11249 40688
38.7% 40.1% 41.2%
Poor 53 2153 7608
6.8% 7.7% 7.7%
Fair 38 1947 6935
4.9% 6.9% 7.0%
Neutral 65 3243 10824
8.4% 11.5% 11.0%
Good 133 4502 15173
17.2% 16.0% 15.4%
Excellent 116 2935 10382
15.0% 10.5% 10.5%
Total 775 28081 98780
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.2f. Support: Using the CMS/LMS Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Service not offered for mobile device 60 1322 4914
7.7% 4.7% 4.9%
Haven't used service in the past year 204 4421 17580
26.2% 15.7% 17.7%
Poor 65 2362 9256
8.3% 8.4% 9.3%
Fair 67 2910 10659
8.6% 10.3% 10.7%
Neutral 89 3231 11322
11.4% 11.4% 11.4%
Good 170 8450 27753
21.8% 29.9% 27.9%
Excellent 124 5530 17821
15.9% 19.6% 17.9%
Total 779 28226 99305
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.2g. Support: Accessing event and club information Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Service not offered for mobile device 37 1035 3796
4.8% 3.7% 3.8%
Haven't used service in the past year 140 5743 22086
18.0% 20.4% 22.3%
Poor 36 1627 6270
4.6% 5.8% 6.3%
Fair 60 2886 10291
7.7% 10.2% 10.4%
Neutral 102 4000 14107
13.1% 14.2% 14.2%
Good 246 8213 27315
31.7% 29.1% 27.5%
Excellent 156 4696 15350
20.1% 16.7% 15.5%
Total 777 28200 99215
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.2h. Support: Scheduling appointments Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Service not offered for mobile device 65 1745 6305
8.4% 6.2% 6.3%
Haven't used service in the past year 222 8296 30499
28.5% 29.4% 30.7%
Poor 48 2264 8061
6.2% 8.0% 8.1%
Fair 66 2402 8651
8.5% 8.5% 8.7%
Neutral 83 3788 12951
10.7% 13.4% 13.0%
Good 188 6110 20616
24.2% 21.6% 20.7%
Excellent 106 3656 12378
13.6% 12.9% 12.4%
Total 778 28261 99461
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.3a. Instructors: Effectively use technology Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
None 11 376 1458
1.4% 1.3% 1.5%
Some 281 10059 34120
36.0% 35.5% 34.2%
Most 383 13476 47008
49.0% 47.5% 47.1%
All 106 4443 17232
13.6% 15.7% 17.3%
Total 781 28354 99818
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.3b. Instructors: Provide adequate tech training Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
None 99 3520 12077
12.7% 12.4% 12.1%
Some 290 11941 39780
37.3% 42.2% 40.0%
Most 286 9045 32288
36.8% 32.0% 32.4%
All 102 3779 15401
13.1% 13.4% 15.5%
Total 777 28285 99546
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.3c. Instructors: Have adequate technical skills Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
None 15 668 2245
1.9% 2.4% 2.3%
Some 312 10780 35152
40.0% 38.2% 35.4%
Most 339 12436 44026
43.5% 44.0% 44.3%
All 114 4354 18001
14.6% 15.4% 18.1%
Total 780 28238 99424
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.3d. Instructors: Use right kind of technology Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
None 14 623 2106
1.8% 2.2% 2.1%
Some 287 10288 34061
37.1% 36.6% 34.4%
Most 352 12676 44781
45.5% 45.1% 45.3%
All 121 4534 18011
15.6% 16.1% 18.2%
Total 774 28121 98959
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.4 Important that I be better skilled at using technologies Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Not at all important 28 980 4062
3.6% 3.4% 4.0%
Not very important 87 2361 9358
11.1% 8.3% 9.3%
Moderately important 313 11514 40208
40.0% 40.4% 40.1%
Very important 188 7182 25011
24.0% 25.2% 24.9%
Extremely important 166 6453 21667
21.2% 22.7% 21.6%
Total 782 28490 100306
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.4b. Training mode: Face-to-face Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 238 8974 30111
67.6% 66.3% 65.0%
Unchecked 114 4557 16207
32.4% 33.7% 35.0%
Total 352 13531 46318
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.4b. Training mode: Online Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 132 5678 19374
37.5% 42.0% 41.8%
Unchecked 220 7853 26944
62.5% 58.0% 58.2%
Total 352 13531 46318
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.4b. Training mode: Don't care Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 72 2623 9497
20.5% 19.4% 20.5%
Unchecked 280 10908 36821
79.5% 80.6% 79.5%
Total 352 13531 46318
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.4b. Training mode: N/A Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 12 545 1843
3.4% 4.0% 4.0%
Unchecked 340 12986 44475
96.6% 96.0% 96.0%
Total 352 13531 46318
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.4b. Training mode: Other Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 9 180 659
2.6% 1.3% 1.4%
Unchecked 343 13351 45659
97.4% 98.7% 98.6%
Total 352 13531 46318
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.4b. Training length: Full academic term Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 127 4687 16130
36.2% 34.7% 34.9%
Unchecked 224 8805 30051
63.8% 65.3% 65.1%
Total 351 13492 46181
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.4b. Training length: Short-term Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 176 7990 27020
50.1% 59.2% 58.5%
Unchecked 175 5502 19161
49.9% 40.8% 41.5%
Total 351 13492 46181
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.4b. Training length: Don't care Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 67 2211 7917
19.1% 16.4% 17.1%
Unchecked 284 11281 38264
80.9% 83.6% 82.9%
Total 351 13492 46181
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.4b. Training length: N/A Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 21 572 1971
6.0% 4.2% 4.3%
Unchecked 330 12920 44210
94.0% 95.8% 95.7%
Total 351 13492 46181
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.4b. Training length: Other Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 8 235 887
2.3% 1.7% 1.9%
Unchecked 343 13257 45294
97.7% 98.3% 98.1%
Total 351 13492 46181
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.4b. Training design: Like a traditional course Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 168 6655 22696
47.7% 49.3% 49.1%
Unchecked 184 6838 23511
52.3% 50.7% 50.9%
Total 352 13493 46207
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.4b. Training design: On-demand web resources Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 152 5896 21245
43.2% 43.7% 46.0%
Unchecked 200 7597 24962
56.8% 56.3% 54.0%
Total 352 13493 46207
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.4b. Training design: On-demand help desk support Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 124 4525 15659
35.2% 33.5% 33.9%
Unchecked 228 8968 30548
64.8% 66.5% 66.1%
Total 352 13493 46207
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.4b. Training design: Don't care Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 48 1895 6326
13.6% 14.0% 13.7%
Unchecked 304 11598 39881
86.4% 86.0% 86.3%
Total 352 13493 46207
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.4b. Training design: N/A Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 17 556 1810
4.8% 4.1% 3.9%
Unchecked 335 12937 44397
95.2% 95.9% 96.1%
Total 352 13493 46207
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.4b. Training design: Other Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 7 207 793
2.0% 1.5% 1.7%
Unchecked 345 13286 45414
98.0% 98.5% 98.3%
Total 352 13493 46207
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.4b. Trainer: Your instructors Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 220 8507 29321
62.5% 62.9% 63.3%
Unchecked 132 5026 16990
37.5% 37.1% 36.7%
Total 352 13533 46311
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.4b. Trainer: Your peers Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 143 4959 16032
40.6% 36.6% 34.6%
Unchecked 209 8574 30279
59.4% 63.4% 65.4%
Total 352 13533 46311
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.4b. Trainer: College/university help desk staff Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 137 5519 18673
38.9% 40.8% 40.3%
Unchecked 215 8014 27638
61.1% 59.2% 59.7%
Total 352 13533 46311
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.4b. Trainer: Don't care Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 79 3025 10589
22.4% 22.4% 22.9%
Unchecked 273 10508 35722
77.6% 77.6% 77.1%
Total 352 13533 46311
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.4b. Trainer: N/A Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 13 465 1533
3.7% 3.4% 3.3%
Unchecked 339 13068 44778
96.3% 96.6% 96.7%
Total 352 13533 46311
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.4b. Trainer: Other, please describe: Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 8 228 842
2.3% 1.7% 1.8%
Unchecked 344 13305 45469
97.7% 98.3% 98.2%
Total 352 13533 46311
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.5. Course recommendations Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Don't know 57 2284 7359
7.3% 8.1% 7.4%
Not at all interested 80 2355 8599
10.3% 8.3% 8.6%
Not very interested 131 4497 15669
16.8% 15.9% 15.7%
Moderately interested 327 11814 41319
42.0% 41.7% 41.4%
Very interested 126 5213 18882
16.2% 18.4% 18.9%
Extremely interested 58 2170 7953
7.4% 7.7% 8.0%
Total 779 28333 99781
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.6. Alerts for new or different academic resources Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Don't know 44 1688 5640
5.6% 5.9% 5.6%
Not at all interested 48 1310 4877
6.1% 4.6% 4.9%
Not very interested 70 2039 7514
9.0% 7.2% 7.5%
Moderately interested 412 13939 48489
52.7% 48.9% 48.3%
Very interested 149 6515 23315
19.1% 22.9% 23.2%
Extremely interested 59 2999 10471
7.5% 10.5% 10.4%
Total 782 28490 100306
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.7a. Instructors: E-mail Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Don't know or N/A 0 27 950 3763
3.5% 3.4% 3.8%
Less 1 14 451 1625
1.8% 1.6% 1.6%
2 23 779 3222
3.0% 2.8% 3.2%
3 233 6954 27398
29.9% 24.6% 27.6%
4 181 6709 23612
23.3% 23.8% 23.8%
More 5 300 12385 39584
38.6% 43.9% 39.9%
Total 778 28228 99204
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.7b. Instructors: Text messaging Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Don't know or N/A 0 322 10698 38472
41.5% 38.0% 38.8%
Less 1 130 4460 15715
16.8% 15.8% 15.9%
2 47 1883 6455
6.1% 6.7% 6.5%
3 94 3806 13627
12.1% 13.5% 13.7%
4 84 2944 10127
10.8% 10.5% 10.2%
More 5 99 4378 14721
12.8% 15.5% 14.9%
Total 776 28169 99117
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.7c. Instructors: Instant messaging/online chatting Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Don't know or N/A 0 336 10769 39804
43.1% 38.3% 40.2%
Less 1 143 4614 16872
18.4% 16.4% 17.0%
2 60 2211 7567
7.7% 7.9% 7.6%
3 112 4284 14445
14.4% 15.2% 14.6%
4 69 2853 9500
8.9% 10.1% 9.6%
More 5 59 3401 10805
7.6% 12.1% 10.9%
Total 779 28132 98993
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.7d. Instructors: Twitter Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Don't know or N/A 0 460 15790 55779
59.1% 56.1% 56.4%
Less 1 194 7118 24780
24.9% 25.3% 25.0%
2 33 1523 5277
4.2% 5.4% 5.3%
3 48 1908 6949
6.2% 6.8% 7.0%
4 20 836 2958
2.6% 3.0% 3.0%
More 5 23 972 3235
3.0% 3.5% 3.3%
Total 778 28147 98978
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.7e. Instructors: Facebook Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Don't know or N/A 0 366 13583 48847
47.5% 48.4% 49.5%
Less 1 175 6586 23208
22.7% 23.5% 23.5%
2 48 1804 6277
6.2% 6.4% 6.4%
3 102 2794 9656
13.2% 10.0% 9.8%
4 41 1596 5282
5.3% 5.7% 5.4%
More 5 39 1703 5432
5.1% 6.1% 5.5%
Total 771 28066 98702
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.7f. Instructors: Other social networking sites Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Don't know or N/A 0 434 15326 55020
56.9% 55.1% 56.2%
Less 1 197 6799 24110
25.8% 24.4% 24.6%
2 38 1679 5544
5.0% 6.0% 5.7%
3 54 2258 7654
7.1% 8.1% 7.8%
4 19 805 2658
2.5% 2.9% 2.7%
More 5 21 954 2878
2.8% 3.4% 2.9%
Total 763 27821 97864
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.7g. Instructors: Social studying sites Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Don't know or N/A 0 357 13239 48003
46.1% 47.2% 48.6%
Less 1 103 3999 14561
13.3% 14.3% 14.8%
2 68 2031 6741
8.8% 7.2% 6.8%
3 106 3787 13010
13.7% 13.5% 13.2%
4 79 2585 8758
10.2% 9.2% 8.9%
More 5 62 2406 7644
8.0% 8.6% 7.7%
Total 775 28047 98717
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.7h. Instructors: Internet calls Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Don't know or N/A 0 377 11989 43362
48.6% 42.7% 43.9%
Less 1 139 4903 17293
17.9% 17.5% 17.5%
2 51 2338 8020
6.6% 8.3% 8.1%
3 111 4061 14119
14.3% 14.5% 14.3%
4 53 2327 8167
6.8% 8.3% 8.3%
More 5 44 2475 7812
5.7% 8.8% 7.9%
Total 775 28093 98773
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.7i. Instructors: Face-to-face interaction Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Don't know or N/A 0 55 2406 8522
7.1% 8.6% 8.6%
Less 1 15 635 2128
1.9% 2.3% 2.2%
2 38 1181 4239
4.9% 4.2% 4.3%
3 173 6175 22928
22.3% 22.0% 23.2%
4 188 6447 23368
24.2% 22.9% 23.6%
More 5 308 11252 37688
39.6% 40.0% 38.1%
Total 777 28096 98873
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.7j. Instructors: Audio/video interaction Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Don't know or N/A 0 299 10422 37562
38.6% 37.1% 38.0%
Less 1 136 4457 15301
17.5% 15.9% 15.5%
2 74 2476 8557
9.5% 8.8% 8.7%
3 117 4340 15522
15.1% 15.5% 15.7%
4 77 3084 10936
9.9% 11.0% 11.1%
More 5 72 3299 10891
9.3% 11.7% 11.0%
Total 775 28078 98769
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.7k. Instructors: CMS/LMS Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Don't know or N/A 0 147 2713 11463
18.9% 9.6% 11.5%
Less 1 70 1662 6281
9.0% 5.9% 6.3%
2 79 1905 7225
10.2% 6.8% 7.3%
3 150 5527 20818
19.3% 19.6% 21.0%
4 159 6284 22063
20.5% 22.3% 22.2%
More 5 172 10112 31414
22.1% 35.9% 31.6%
Total 777 28203 99264
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.8a. Resources: Institution's library website Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Did not use in the past year 124 2471 10768
16.0% 8.7% 10.8%
Not at all important 24 503 2145
3.1% 1.8% 2.2%
Not very important 102 2439 9570
13.1% 8.6% 9.6%
Moderately important 254 8091 28554
32.7% 28.6% 28.8%
Very important 156 7585 25441
20.1% 26.8% 25.6%
Extremely important 117 7168 22818
15.1% 25.4% 23.0%
Total 777 28257 99296
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.8b. Resources: CMS/LMS Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Did not use in the past year 117 1219 6350
15.3% 4.3% 6.4%
Not at all important 28 443 1744
3.7% 1.6% 1.8%
Not very important 76 1162 4607
9.9% 4.1% 4.7%
Moderately important 162 4521 16142
21.2% 16.1% 16.4%
Very important 197 8502 28816
25.8% 30.3% 29.2%
Extremely important 185 12222 41027
24.2% 43.5% 41.6%
Total 765 28069 98686
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.8c. Resources: Web-based citation/bibliography tools Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Did not use in the past year 118 4543 17569
15.2% 16.2% 17.8%
Not at all important 26 747 3141
3.4% 2.7% 3.2%
Not very important 86 2750 10645
11.1% 9.8% 10.8%
Moderately important 225 6662 23696
29.0% 23.7% 24.0%
Very important 191 6949 23299
24.6% 24.7% 23.6%
Extremely important 130 6460 20572
16.8% 23.0% 20.8%
Total 776 28111 98922
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.8d. Resources: College/university website Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Did not use in the past year 15 437 2280
1.9% 1.6% 2.3%
Not at all important 10 391 2277
1.3% 1.4% 2.3%
Not very important 55 1700 8495
7.1% 6.0% 8.6%
Moderately important 193 5921 23435
24.9% 21.0% 23.7%
Very important 246 8874 29539
31.7% 31.5% 29.8%
Extremely important 257 10821 32953
33.1% 38.4% 33.3%
Total 776 28144 98979
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.8e. Resources: E-portfolios Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Did not use in the past year 410 12865 47772
53.2% 46.1% 48.6%
Not at all important 48 1649 7032
6.2% 5.9% 7.2%
Not very important 121 4095 14589
15.7% 14.7% 14.8%
Moderately important 107 4900 15413
13.9% 17.6% 15.7%
Very important 51 2472 7632
6.6% 8.9% 7.8%
Extremely important 33 1935 5832
4.3% 6.9% 5.9%
Total 770 27916 98270
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.8f. Resources: E-books or e-textbooks Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Did not use in the past year 251 7415 26551
32.6% 26.6% 27.0%
Not at all important 48 1387 5076
6.2% 5.0% 5.2%
Not very important 104 3322 11495
13.5% 11.9% 11.7%
Moderately important 156 6342 22070
20.3% 22.7% 22.5%
Very important 121 4883 17136
15.7% 17.5% 17.5%
Extremely important 89 4571 15844
11.6% 16.4% 16.1%
Total 769 27920 98172
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.8g. Resources: Open educational resources Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Did not use in the past year 243 8375 29974
31.3% 29.9% 30.4%
Not at all important 30 1075 3913
3.9% 3.8% 4.0%
Not very important 78 2719 10037
10.1% 9.7% 10.2%
Moderately important 161 5545 19316
20.7% 19.8% 19.6%
Very important 139 4971 17152
17.9% 17.7% 17.4%
Extremely important 125 5348 18252
16.1% 19.1% 18.5%
Total 776 28033 98644
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.8h. Resources: Simulations or educational games Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Did not use in the past year 260 9144 32929
33.5% 32.5% 33.2%
Not at all important 56 1932 7081
7.2% 6.9% 7.1%
Not very important 123 4216 14925
15.9% 15.0% 15.1%
Moderately important 155 5987 20287
20.0% 21.3% 20.5%
Very important 102 3615 12686
13.1% 12.8% 12.8%
Extremely important 80 3255 11190
10.3% 11.6% 11.3%
Total 776 28149 99098
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.9 Extent: Open educational resources Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Experimented with open educational resources 237 8599 29948
45.7% 45.0% 44.7%
Use open educational resources on occasion 222 8163 28239
42.8% 42.7% 42.2%
Use open educational resources all the time 60 2365 8805
11.6% 12.4% 13.1%
Total 519 19127 66992
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.10 Extent: E-portfolios Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Used in one course 279 10497 35396
83.0% 73.9% 74.4%
Used in a few courses 41 2520 8014
12.2% 17.7% 16.8%
Used in about half my courses 6 617 2124
1.8% 4.3% 4.5%
Used in most of my courses 8 375 1345
2.4% 2.6% 2.8%
Used in all my courses 2 194 696
0.6% 1.4% 1.5%
Total 336 14203 47575
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.11 Extent: E-books or e-textbooks Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Used in one course 278 9721 32704
56.3% 49.1% 47.3%
Used in a few courses 152 6430 22479
30.8% 32.5% 32.5%
Used in about half my courses 33 1833 6708
6.7% 9.3% 9.7%
Used in most of my courses 23 1270 4946
4.7% 6.4% 7.1%
Used in all my courses 8 560 2365
1.6% 2.8% 3.4%
Total 494 19814 69202
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.12 Extent: Simulations or educational games Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Used in one course 322 12380 41896
66.8% 69.6% 67.7%
Used in a few courses 113 4057 14499
23.4% 22.8% 23.4%
Used in about half my courses 22 783 3103
4.6% 4.4% 5.0%
Used in most of my courses 18 398 1659
3.7% 2.2% 2.7%
Used in all my courses 7 160 736
1.5% 0.9% 1.2%
Total 482 17778 61893
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.13a. Instructors: CMS/LMS Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Don't know or N/A 0 161 2474 11072
20.9% 8.8% 11.2%
Less 1 62 1562 5772
8.1% 5.6% 5.9%
2 52 1473 5471
6.8% 5.3% 5.6%
3 161 5282 20227
20.9% 18.9% 20.5%
4 145 5894 20685
18.8% 21.1% 21.0%
More 5 189 11308 35257
24.5% 40.4% 35.8%
Total 770 27993 98484
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.13b. Instructors: E-portfolios Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Don't know or N/A 0 467 16032 58184
60.7% 57.4% 59.3%
Less 1 95 3638 13028
12.4% 13.0% 13.3%
2 56 2436 7985
7.3% 8.7% 8.1%
3 82 3142 10501
10.7% 11.3% 10.7%
4 41 1331 4265
5.3% 4.8% 4.3%
More 5 28 1342 4236
3.6% 4.8% 4.3%
Total 769 27921 98199
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.13c. Instructors: E-books or e-textbooks Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Don't know or N/A 0 275 8701 30647
36.0% 31.4% 31.4%
Less 1 105 3601 11991
13.7% 13.0% 12.3%
2 75 2377 8262
9.8% 8.6% 8.5%
3 122 4486 16392
16.0% 16.2% 16.8%
4 73 3465 12430
9.6% 12.5% 12.8%
More 5 114 5062 17743
14.9% 18.3% 18.2%
Total 764 27692 97465
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.13d. Instructors: Open educational resources Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Don't know or N/A 0 264 9857 34149
34.3% 35.4% 34.8%
Less 1 40 1928 6533
5.2% 6.9% 6.7%
2 67 2311 7788
8.7% 8.3% 7.9%
3 173 5045 18124
22.5% 18.1% 18.5%
4 98 3680 13899
12.7% 13.2% 14.2%
More 5 127 5062 17718
16.5% 18.2% 18.0%
Total 769 27883 98211
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.13e. Instructors: Simulations or educational games Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Don't know or N/A 0 230 8859 31135
29.9% 31.7% 31.7%
Less 1 70 2737 9296
9.1% 9.8% 9.5%
2 62 2526 8680
8.1% 9.1% 8.8%
3 151 5033 17845
19.6% 18.0% 18.2%
4 119 3972 14553
15.5% 14.2% 14.8%
More 5 137 4781 16682
17.8% 17.1% 17.0%
Total 769 27908 98191
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.13f. Instructors: Lecture capture Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Don't know or N/A 0 105 3607 12739
13.7% 12.9% 13.0%
Less 1 25 956 3105
3.3% 3.4% 3.2%
2 45 1369 4716
5.9% 4.9% 4.8%
3 134 4240 14569
17.4% 15.2% 14.8%
4 173 6236 21948
22.5% 22.3% 22.3%
More 5 286 11528 41194
37.2% 41.3% 41.9%
Total 768 27936 98271
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.13g. Instructors: Online collaboration tools Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Don't know or N/A 0 207 4595 17990
27.0% 16.5% 18.3%
Less 1 57 1491 4989
7.4% 5.3% 5.1%
2 52 1869 6811
6.8% 6.7% 6.9%
3 161 5500 20231
21.0% 19.7% 20.6%
4 162 5990 21064
21.1% 21.5% 21.5%
More 5 128 8445 27080
16.7% 30.3% 27.6%
Total 767 27890 98165
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.13h. Instructors: Integrated class use of my tablet Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Don't know or N/A 0 404 11891 43598
52.4% 42.5% 44.3%
Less 1 91 2889 10334
11.8% 10.3% 10.5%
2 49 1981 6557
6.4% 7.1% 6.7%
3 79 3385 11534
10.2% 12.1% 11.7%
4 61 2992 10369
7.9% 10.7% 10.5%
More 5 87 4832 15957
11.3% 17.3% 16.2%
Total 771 27970 98349
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.13i. Instructors: Integrated class use of my smartphone Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Don't know or N/A 0 371 10159 37242
48.5% 36.4% 37.9%
Less 1 104 3578 12716
13.6% 12.8% 12.9%
2 56 2150 7253
7.3% 7.7% 7.4%
3 83 3689 13066
10.8% 13.2% 13.3%
4 64 3217 11385
8.4% 11.5% 11.6%
More 5 87 5151 16695
11.4% 18.4% 17.0%
Total 765 27944 98357
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

3.13j. Instructors: Integrated class use of my laptop Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Don't know or N/A 0 85 5826 22261
11.0% 20.8% 22.6%
Less 1 53 2176 7902
6.8% 7.8% 8.0%
2 69 1885 6722
8.9% 6.7% 6.8%
3 162 4974 17483
20.9% 17.8% 17.7%
4 185 5223 18112
23.9% 18.6% 18.4%
More 5 220 7935 26078
28.4% 28.3% 26.5%
Total 774 28019 98558
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

4.1. Learning environment: Learn most Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Courses with no online components 178 6107 21926
22.8% 21.6% 22.0%
Courses with some online components 517 17435 60727
66.4% 61.6% 61.0%
Courses that are completely online 19 1673 5882
2.4% 5.9% 5.9%
No preference 65 3076 10955
8.3% 10.9% 11.0%
Total 779 28291 99490
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

4.2. Learning environment: Prefer Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Courses with no online components 191 6548 23752
24.6% 23.2% 23.9%
Courses with some online components 504 16857 58669
64.9% 59.8% 59.1%
Courses that are completely online 32 2295 8179
4.1% 8.1% 8.2%
No preference 49 2497 8647
6.3% 8.9% 8.7%
Total 776 28197 99247
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

4.3. Number of "blended" courses in past year Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
None 91 4199 17403
11.7% 14.8% 17.5%
A few 341 12652 42652
43.9% 44.7% 42.8%
About half 176 5783 19085
22.7% 20.4% 19.2%
Nearly all 152 4769 16581
19.6% 16.9% 16.7%
All 17 891 3823
2.2% 3.1% 3.8%
Total 777 28294 99544
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

4.4. Completely online course: No Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 425 15617 58640
54.6% 55.3% 59.0%
Unchecked 353 12631 40780
45.4% 44.7% 41.0%
Total 778 28248 99420
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

4.4. Completely online course: Yes, this institution Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 307 10630 34599
39.5% 37.6% 34.8%
Unchecked 471 17618 64821
60.5% 62.4% 65.2%
Total 778 28248 99420
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

4.4. Completely online course: Yes, different institution Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 57 2670 8215
7.3% 9.5% 8.3%
Unchecked 721 25578 91205
92.7% 90.5% 91.7%
Total 778 28248 99420
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

4.5. MOOC in the past year Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
No, and I don't know what a MOOC is 625 21847 75591
79.9% 76.7% 75.4%
No 151 5873 21764
19.3% 20.6% 21.7%
Yes, but I didn't complete one 6 517 2090
0.8% 1.8% 2.1%
Yes, and I completed one 0 253 861
0.0% 0.9% 0.9%
Total 782 28490 100306
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

4.5a. Digital badge for completing MOOC Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
No 0 120 419
0 50.0% 50.5%
Yes 0 120 411
0 50.0% 49.5%
Total 0 240 830
0 100.0% 100.0%

4.6. Interview: Undergraduate degree Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 673 24585 86193
87.3% 87.3% 87.0%
Unchecked 98 3572 12934
12.7% 12.7% 13.0%
Total 771 28157 99127
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

4.6. Interview: Certificate, accredited higher ed program Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 249 10832 39502
32.3% 38.5% 39.8%
Unchecked 522 17325 59625
67.7% 61.5% 60.2%
Total 771 28157 99127
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

4.6. Interview: Certificate, industry training program Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 149 6426 24088
19.3% 22.8% 24.3%
Unchecked 622 21731 75039
80.7% 77.2% 75.7%
Total 771 28157 99127
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

4.6. Interview: OER certificate of completion Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 97 4504 16272
12.6% 16.0% 16.4%
Unchecked 674 23653 82855
87.4% 84.0% 83.6%
Total 771 28157 99127
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

4.6. Interview: Digital badge or patch Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 100 4229 15406
13.0% 15.0% 15.5%
Unchecked 671 23928 83721
87.0% 85.0% 84.5%
Total 771 28157 99127
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

4.6. Interview: N/A Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 61 1967 6434
7.9% 7.0% 6.5%
Unchecked 710 26190 92693
92.1% 93.0% 93.5%
Total 771 28157 99127
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

4.6. Interview: Other Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 16 598 2129
2.1% 2.1% 2.1%
Unchecked 755 27559 96998
97.9% 97.9% 97.9%
Total 771 28157 99127
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

4.7a. Social: Prefer separate academic and social lives Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Don't know 12 370 1362
1.5% 1.3% 1.4%
Strongly disagree 43 1471 5187
5.5% 5.2% 5.2%
Somewhat disagree 142 4252 15554
18.3% 15.0% 15.6%
Neither 164 5977 20536
21.2% 21.1% 20.6%
Agree 207 7789 27501
26.7% 27.5% 27.6%
Strongly agree 207 8467 29571
26.7% 29.9% 29.7%
Total 775 28326 99711
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

4.8a. Tech: More involved in courses that use technology Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Don't know 34 795 3000
4.4% 2.8% 3.0%
Strongly disagree 44 1639 5662
5.7% 5.8% 5.7%
Somewhat disagree 106 3424 12384
13.8% 12.2% 12.5%
Neither 228 8872 31196
29.6% 31.6% 31.5%
Agree 280 9933 34749
36.4% 35.3% 35.1%
Strongly agree 78 3446 11924
10.1% 12.3% 12.1%
Total 770 28109 98915
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

4.8b. Tech: Will have prepared me for the workplace Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Don't know 32 1059 4049
4.2% 3.8% 4.1%
Strongly disagree 41 1267 4638
5.3% 4.5% 4.7%
Somewhat disagree 99 3551 13149
12.9% 12.7% 13.3%
Neither 174 6625 23431
22.7% 23.6% 23.8%
Agree 332 11938 41480
43.2% 42.6% 42.1%
Strongly agree 90 3579 11791
11.7% 12.8% 12.0%
Total 768 28019 98538
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

4.8c. Tech: Skip classes when lecture materials are online Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Don't know 22 897 3592
2.9% 3.2% 3.6%
Strongly disagree 380 13090 46819
49.6% 46.8% 47.5%
Somewhat disagree 127 4822 16798
16.6% 17.2% 17.1%
Neither 104 4581 15405
13.6% 16.4% 15.6%
Agree 110 3577 12468
14.4% 12.8% 12.7%
Strongly agree 23 1026 3428
3.0% 3.7% 3.5%
Total 766 27993 98510
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

4.8d. Tech: Adequately prepared to use upon entry Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Don't know 21 456 1578
2.7% 1.6% 1.6%
Strongly disagree 45 1832 6334
5.8% 6.5% 6.4%
Somewhat disagree 102 4279 14405
13.2% 15.3% 14.6%
Neither 111 4578 15271
14.4% 16.3% 15.5%
Agree 352 11677 41700
45.7% 41.6% 42.2%
Strongly agree 140 5234 19471
18.2% 18.7% 19.7%
Total 771 28056 98759
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

4.8e. Tech: Makes me feel more connected to institution Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Don't know 18 505 1817
2.3% 1.8% 1.8%
Strongly disagree 38 1285 4433
4.9% 4.6% 4.5%
Somewhat disagree 65 2465 8499
8.5% 8.8% 8.6%
Neither 152 6288 22891
19.8% 22.4% 23.2%
Agree 348 12225 42722
45.3% 43.5% 43.2%
Strongly agree 147 5306 18427
19.1% 18.9% 18.7%
Total 768 28074 98789
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

4.8f. Tech: Better prepares me for future educational plans Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Don't know 24 587 2273
3.1% 2.1% 2.3%
Strongly disagree 24 715 2447
3.1% 2.6% 2.5%
Somewhat disagree 44 1520 5181
5.7% 5.4% 5.3%
Neither 144 5235 18617
18.8% 18.7% 18.9%
Agree 355 13156 46605
46.2% 47.0% 47.2%
Strongly agree 177 6796 23529
23.0% 24.3% 23.9%
Total 768 28009 98652
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

4.8g. Tech: Makes me feel more connected to students Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Don't know 21 558 2035
2.7% 2.0% 2.1%
Strongly disagree 46 2124 7532
6.0% 7.6% 7.6%
Somewhat disagree 87 3134 11498
11.3% 11.2% 11.7%
Neither 178 7116 25505
23.2% 25.4% 25.9%
Agree 307 10429 36008
40.0% 37.2% 36.5%
Strongly agree 128 4674 16036
16.7% 16.7% 16.3%
Total 767 28035 98614
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

4.8h. Tech: Makes me feel more connected to professors Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Don't know 18 469 1673
2.3% 1.7% 1.7%
Strongly disagree 65 1882 6542
8.5% 6.7% 6.6%
Somewhat disagree 68 2786 10665
8.9% 9.9% 10.8%
Neither 179 6339 22497
23.3% 22.6% 22.8%
Agree 317 11811 41358
41.3% 42.1% 42.0%
Strongly agree 121 4735 15839
15.8% 16.9% 16.1%
Total 768 28022 98574
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

4.8i. Tech: Helps me achieve my academic outcomes Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Don't know 20 453 1626
2.6% 1.6% 1.7%
Strongly disagree 21 711 2471
2.7% 2.5% 2.5%
Somewhat disagree 50 1345 4615
6.5% 4.8% 4.7%
Neither 136 5285 18047
17.8% 18.9% 18.4%
Agree 371 13161 46557
48.6% 47.2% 47.4%
Strongly agree 166 6956 24819
21.7% 24.9% 25.3%
Total 764 27911 98135
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

4.8j. Tech: Mobile devices in class can enhance learning Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Don't know 63 1585 5758
8.2% 5.7% 5.8%
Strongly disagree 167 4392 15388
21.7% 15.7% 15.6%
Somewhat disagree 122 4463 15847
15.9% 15.9% 16.1%
Neither 202 7466 26113
26.3% 26.7% 26.5%
Agree 160 6709 23609
20.8% 24.0% 24.0%
Strongly agree 54 3397 11840
7.0% 12.1% 12.0%
Total 768 28012 98555
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

4.8k. Tech: More likely to get involved in a campus activity Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Don't know 28 999 3624
3.6% 3.6% 3.7%
Strongly disagree 73 1913 6615
9.5% 6.8% 6.7%
Somewhat disagree 82 2737 9672
10.6% 9.8% 9.8%
Neither 205 7535 26453
26.6% 26.9% 26.8%
Agree 267 10009 35169
34.6% 35.7% 35.6%
Strongly agree 116 4855 17152
15.0% 17.3% 17.4%
Total 771 28048 98685
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

4.8l. Tech: Makes my education more affordable Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Don't know 62 1970 7339
8.1% 7.0% 7.4%
Strongly disagree 146 3306 13280
19.0% 11.8% 13.4%
Somewhat disagree 105 3440 12980
13.7% 12.3% 13.1%
Neither 233 8498 29546
30.3% 30.3% 29.9%
Agree 158 6763 22101
20.5% 24.1% 22.4%
Strongly agree 65 4100 13516
8.5% 14.6% 13.7%
Total 769 28077 98762
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

5.1. Number of Internet-capable devices Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
None 8 331 1264
1.0% 1.2% 1.3%
One 113 2971 9595
14.5% 10.4% 9.6%
Two 281 9953 34494
35.9% 34.9% 34.4%
Three 177 8471 29478
22.6% 29.7% 29.4%
Four 104 3681 13236
13.3% 12.9% 13.2%
Five 50 1195 4593
6.4% 4.2% 4.6%
Six or more 49 1888 7646
6.3% 6.6% 7.6%
Total 782 28490 100306
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

5.1a. In-class policy: Smartphone Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
N/A 134 3361 12138
17.7% 12.2% 12.5%
Banned from using it in class 250 8816 29126
33.1% 32.1% 30.1%
Discouraged from using it in class 299 10363 37483
39.6% 37.7% 38.7%
Neither discouraged nor encouraged 69 4168 15788
9.1% 15.2% 16.3%
Encouraged to use it in class 4 572 1835
0.5% 2.1% 1.9%
Required to use it in class 0 184 533
0.0% 0.7% 0.6%
Total 756 27464 96903
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

5.1a. In-class policy: Tablet or iPad Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
N/A 328 8160 29339
43.9% 30.3% 30.8%
Banned from using it in class 99 2064 6706
13.2% 7.7% 7.0%
Discouraged from using it in class 152 4193 14133
20.3% 15.5% 14.8%
Neither discouraged nor encouraged 157 10164 37125
21.0% 37.7% 39.0%
Encouraged to use it in class 12 2108 7081
1.6% 7.8% 7.4%
Required to use it in class 0 278 797
0.0% 1.0% 0.8%
Total 748 26967 95181
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

5.1a. In-class policy: Laptop Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
N/A 2 1233 4840
0.3% 4.4% 4.9%
Banned from using it in class 43 1288 4319
5.6% 4.6% 4.4%
Discouraged from using it in class 146 4649 15588
19.0% 16.7% 15.9%
Neither discouraged nor encouraged 280 14787 52693
36.4% 53.0% 53.7%
Encouraged to use it in class 185 4644 16517
24.0% 16.6% 16.8%
Required to use it in class 114 1311 4219
14.8% 4.7% 4.3%
Total 770 27912 98176
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

5.2. Smartphone in class: To look up information Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 357 16488 56414
46.7% 59.1% 57.5%
Unchecked 408 11417 41695
53.3% 40.9% 42.5%
Total 765 27905 98109
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

5.2. Smartphone in class: To participate in activities Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 153 6915 23789
20.0% 24.8% 24.2%
Unchecked 612 20990 74320
80.0% 75.2% 75.8%
Total 765 27905 98109
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

5.2. Smartphone in class: To record my instructors Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 248 10204 34319
32.4% 36.6% 35.0%
Unchecked 517 17701 63790
67.6% 63.4% 65.0%
Total 765 27905 98109
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

5.2. Smartphone in class: To photograph information Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 277 13315 45677
36.2% 47.7% 46.6%
Unchecked 488 14590 52432
63.8% 52.3% 53.4%
Total 765 27905 98109
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

5.2. Smartphone in class: To access digital resources Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 226 11211 37918
29.5% 40.2% 38.6%
Unchecked 539 16694 60191
70.5% 59.8% 61.4%
Total 765 27905 98109
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

5.2. Smartphone in class: N/A -- not effective Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 284 6565 23895
37.1% 23.5% 24.4%
Unchecked 481 21340 74214
62.9% 76.5% 75.6%
Total 765 27905 98109
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

5.2. Smartphone in class: Other Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 29 945 3496
3.8% 3.4% 3.6%
Unchecked 736 26960 94613
96.2% 96.6% 96.4%
Total 765 27905 98109
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

5.3. Smartphone inhibition: Cost of the device Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 240 6984 22874
32.2% 25.6% 23.8%
Unchecked 506 20295 73097
67.8% 74.4% 76.2%
Total 746 27279 95971
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

5.3. Smartphone inhibition: Cost of the data service Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 301 8794 29690
40.3% 32.2% 30.9%
Unchecked 445 18485 66281
59.7% 67.8% 69.1%
Total 746 27279 95971
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

5.3. Smartphone inhibition: Device usability issues Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 196 9166 33045
26.3% 33.6% 34.4%
Unchecked 550 18113 62926
73.7% 66.4% 65.6%
Total 746 27279 95971
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

5.3. Smartphone inhibition: Inadequate battery life Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 215 9877 33373
28.8% 36.2% 34.8%
Unchecked 531 17402 62598
71.2% 63.8% 65.2%
Total 746 27279 95971
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

5.3. Smartphone inhibition: Limited access to the network Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 168 8663 28135
22.5% 31.8% 29.3%
Unchecked 578 18616 67836
77.5% 68.2% 70.7%
Total 746 27279 95971
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

5.3. Smartphone inhibition: Slow network connection Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 172 10283 33499
23.1% 37.7% 34.9%
Unchecked 574 16996 62472
76.9% 62.3% 65.1%
Total 746 27279 95971
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

5.3. Smartphone inhibition: Lack of useful applications Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 141 5504 20080
18.9% 20.2% 20.9%
Unchecked 605 21775 75891
81.1% 79.8% 79.1%
Total 746 27279 95971
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

5.3. Smartphone inhibition: Cost of useful applications Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 170 4905 17192
22.8% 18.0% 17.9%
Unchecked 576 22374 78779
77.2% 82.0% 82.1%
Total 746 27279 95971
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

5.3. Smartphone inhibition: Security/privacy concern Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 89 3294 10981
11.9% 12.1% 11.4%
Unchecked 657 23985 84990
88.1% 87.9% 88.6%
Total 746 27279 95971
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

5.3. Smartphone inhibition: Health concern Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 35 1157 3632
4.7% 4.2% 3.8%
Unchecked 711 26122 92339
95.3% 95.8% 96.2%
Total 746 27279 95971
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

5.3. Smartphone inhibition: N/A -- not effective Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 161 4101 15096
21.6% 15.0% 15.7%
Unchecked 585 23178 80875
78.4% 85.0% 84.3%
Total 746 27279 95971
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

5.3. Smartphone inhibition: Other Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 86 2585 9446
11.5% 9.5% 9.8%
Unchecked 660 24694 86525
88.5% 90.5% 90.2%
Total 746 27279 95971
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

6.2. Gender Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Male 266 9780 35559
34.1% 34.4% 35.5%
Female 493 17830 61540
63.1% 62.7% 61.5%
Prefer not to answer 22 811 2967
2.8% 2.9% 3.0%
Total 781 28421 100066
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

6.3. Academic goal Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Digital badges or patches that certify my skills 5 100 399
0.6% 0.4% 0.4%
A vocational/occupational certificate 4 152 1225
0.5% 0.5% 1.2%
An associate's degree (or equivalent) 40 479 6163
5.1% 1.7% 6.2%
A bachelor's degree (or equivalent) 450 13756 41269
57.8% 48.7% 41.5%
A master's degree (or equivalent) 142 8375 28258
18.3% 29.6% 28.4%
A doctoral degree (or equivalent) 84 3407 12340
10.8% 12.1% 12.4%
Another professional degree (MD, DDS, JD, Ed.D, etc.) 38 1657 8322
4.9% 5.9% 8.4%
Other (Please describe) 15 342 1526
1.9% 1.2% 1.5%
Total 778 28268 99502
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

6.4. Current or intended major Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Agriculture and natural resources 9 545 1418
1.2% 1.9% 1.4%
Biological/life sciences 78 1924 7367
10.1% 6.9% 7.5%
Business, management, marketing 66 3703 13348
8.5% 13.2% 13.5%
Communications/journalism 25 1104 3413
3.2% 3.9% 3.5%
Computer and information sciences 41 1365 5494
5.3% 4.9% 5.6%
Education, including physical education 71 2881 7061
9.2% 10.3% 7.1%
Engineering and architecture 24 1891 7733
3.1% 6.7% 7.8%
Fine and performing arts 44 878 2868
5.7% 3.1% 2.9%
Health sciences, including professional programs 131 3718 14195
17.0% 13.3% 14.4%
Humanities 7 551 2511
0.9% 2.0% 2.5%
Liberal arts/general studies 15 825 2972
1.9% 2.9% 3.0%
Manufacturing, construction, repair or transportation 11 92 457
1.4% 0.3% 0.5%
Physical sciences, including mathematical sciences 23 736 3104
3.0% 2.6% 3.1%
Public administration, legal, social, and protective services 25 790 2432
3.2% 2.8% 2.5%
Social sciences, including history and psychology 63 3047 10494
8.2% 10.9% 10.6%
Undecided 17 578 2385
2.2% 2.1% 2.4%
Other (Please describe) 122 3412 11563
15.8% 12.2% 11.7%
Total 772 28040 98815
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

6.5. Full-time/part-time status Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Part-time 46 3225 15650
5.9% 11.5% 15.8%
Full-time 731 24772 83123
94.1% 88.5% 84.2%
Total 777 27997 98773
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

6.6. Ethnicity: White Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 704 17175 66838
91.0% 60.8% 67.3%
Unchecked 70 11054 32483
9.0% 39.2% 32.7%
Total 774 28229 99321
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

6.6. Ethnicity: Black/African American Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 11 1900 6387
1.4% 6.7% 6.4%
Unchecked 763 26329 92934
98.6% 93.3% 93.6%
Total 774 28229 99321
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

6.6. Ethnicity: Hispanic Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 19 5551 13149
2.5% 19.7% 13.2%
Unchecked 755 22678 86172
97.5% 80.3% 86.8%
Total 774 28229 99321
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

6.6. Ethnicity: American Indian or Alaskan native Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 19 591 2100
2.5% 2.1% 2.1%
Unchecked 755 27638 97221
97.5% 97.9% 97.9%
Total 774 28229 99321
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

6.6. Ethnicity: Asian/Pacific Islander Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 15 2885 9986
1.9% 10.2% 10.1%
Unchecked 759 25344 89335
98.1% 89.8% 89.9%
Total 774 28229 99321
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

6.6. Ethnicity: Other Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 10 745 2340
1.3% 2.6% 2.4%
Unchecked 764 27484 96981
98.7% 97.4% 97.6%
Total 774 28229 99321
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

6.6. Ethnicity: Prefer not to answer Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Checked 33 1589 5857
4.3% 5.6% 5.9%
Unchecked 741 26640 93464
95.7% 94.4% 94.1%
Total 774 28229 99321
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

6.7. On/off campus Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
On campus 406 8420 32545
52.4% 30.1% 33.0%
Off campus 369 19536 66051
47.6% 69.9% 67.0%
Total 775 27956 98596
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

6.8. Take classes online, face-to-face, or both Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
Take classes exclusively online 5 1203 4197
0.6% 4.3% 4.2%
Take some classes online and some classes face-to-face 271 9604 31426
34.8% 34.0% 31.6%
Take classes exclusively face-to-face 502 17453 63852
64.5% 61.8% 64.2%
Total 778 28260 99475
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

6.9. Currently taking courses at multiple institutions Northern Michigan
University
MA Public institutions
All US institutions
No 761 26475 92807
97.8% 93.6% 93.2%
Yes 17 1810 6786
2.2% 6.4% 6.8%
Total 778 28285 99593
100.0% 100.0% 100.0%